The Copyright Act of 1976
established guidelines for the use of copyrighted material in a reasonable manner without the owner's consent
Fair Use Guidelines
+single copies may be made by or for a teacher for scholarly research or use to teach a class
+multiple copies are restricted by
-brevity - not more than 10% of the work
-spontaneity - not enough time to request permission to use the material,
-cumulative effect - copied for one course and limited to one class term.