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_____ are sensory experiences in the absence of real stimuli. _____ are false, unusual, and sometimes magical beliefs that are not part of an individual's culture.
Answer
Selected Answer:
Hallucinations / Delusions correct

hallucinations / delusions

_____ involves a significant depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, for at least 2 weeks.

Major depressive disorder correct

major depressive disorder

_____ is the tension that arises when people realize that their behavior is inconsistent with their attitudes.

1 Consensual validation
2 Cognitive dissonance
3 Risky shift
4 Deindividuation individuation

2 (Cognitive dissonance)

According to _____, as we age our cells become less capable of dividing.

hormonal stress theory
free-radical theory
cellular-clock theory
Erikson's theory of socioemotional development

cellular-clock theory

According to the circumplex model of mood, a wheel of mood states can be created from the two independent dimensions of _____.

heritability and experience
individualism and collectivism
valence and arousal level
emoticons and display rules

valence and arousal level

According to Dan McAdams, our _____ are our identities.

unconscious urges
genetic predispositions
life stories
conditions of worth

life stories

According to Eysenck's theory, introversion and extraversion are characteristic patterns of behavior that _____.

are shaped through behaviorism

aim to regulate arousal around baseline

should be measured using projective tests

determine a person's sense of unconditional positive regard

aim to regulate arousal around baseline

According to Gray's reinforcement sensitivity theory, the behavioral inhibition system is _____.

sensitive to punishments in the environment
predisposes one to feelings of positive emotion
underlies the trait of extraversion
sensitive to rewards

sensitive to punishments in the environment

According to Jung, the collective unconscious contains _____.

archetypes
the id
positive regard
self-actualization

archetypes

According to Piaget, accommodation occurs when individuals _____.

adjust their schemas to new information
incorporate new information into existing schemas
are deprived of parental warmth and sensitivity
are insecurely attached to their caregivers

adjust their schemas to new information

According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, formal operational thought is _____

logical, systematic, abstract, and idealistic
simplistic and systematic
intuitive and concrete
based on trial and error

logical, systematic, abstract, and idealistic

According to self-determination theory, people are most fulfilled when they satisfy which three fundamental needs?

Hunger, thirst, and sex
Hunger, security, and love
Competence, autonomy, and relatedness
Hunger, esteem, and achievement

Competence, autonomy, and relatedness

According to Schachter and Singer's two-factor theory, emotion is determined by two factors: _____

internal and external attribution
intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
homeostasis and the Yerkes-Dodson law
physiological arousal and cognitive labeling

physiological arousal and cognitive labeling

Accumulated information and verbal skills are components of _____, whereas the ability to reason abstractly is a component of _____.

crystallized intelligence / fluid intelligence
fluid intelligence / crystallized intelligence
generativity / wisdom
integrity / generativity

crystallized intelligence / fluid intelligence

Alex regularly gives donations of blood in part because he hopes others do the same, so that blood is available for him if he ever needs a transfusion. His helping behavior is best explained by _____.

the concept of reciprocity
reciprocal determinism
social exchange theory
self-perception theory

the concept of reciprocity

All of the following are symptoms of borderline personality disorder EXCEPT _____.

chronic feelings of emptiness
paranoia
hallucinations
difficulty controlling anger

hallucinations

Although _____ did not believe that culture and education play important roles in children's cognitive development, _____ believed that cognitive development is very much an interpersonal process that happens in a cultural context.

Jean Piaget / Lev Vygotsky
Lev Vygostsky / Jean Piaget
Erik Erikson / Jean Piaget
Lev Vygostsky / Erik Erikson

Jean Piaget / Lev Vygotsky

A main conclusion of the Stanford Prison Study was that:

Situational factors have minimal effects on human behavior
Situational factors powerfully affect human behavior
It is very difficult to force people to take on new roles
People are unlikely to harm others if placed in a situation like the one in this study

Situational factors powerfully affect human behavior

A preterm infant is one born prior to _______ after conception. 30 33 37 40

37

A psychologist who practices cognitive therapy might try to help a patient who suffers from a major depressive disorder by _____.

using systematic desensitization to replace depression with relaxation
trying to get the patient to stop having irrational thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes
analyzing unconscious conflicts from the patient's past
involving the patient in satisfying social activities

trying to get the patient to stop having irrational thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes

Bill believes that his culture expects men to be aggressive leaders who provide the sole income for the family and do not participate actively in child care. Taken together, these are components of Bill's _______

gender consistency
gender diversity
gender schema
gender orientation

gender schema

Bill holds very strong political opiniions; he assumes that because he thinks they are obviously correct, most other people must believe the same way. This is an example of:

The fundamental attribution error
The self-serving bias
Stereotype threat
The false consensus effect

the false consensus effect

Brittney is a counselor who believes that her clients have the innate ability to make good choices. She accepts each individual as they are and as a person in the process of change. It is important to her that her clients learn to evaluate themselves and not depend on the opinion of others. Brittney is practicing _____.

trait exploration
psychoanalytic counseling
social cognitive counseling
humanistic counseling

...

By the end of the _____ period, the heart begins to beat, the arms and legs become more differentiated, the face starts to form, and the intestinal tract appears in human beings.

germinal
fetal
conception
embryonic

embryonic

Children of permissive parents tend to _____.
be socially competent, self-reliant, and socially responsible

expect to get their own way and often show difficulties respecting others and controlling their behavior
use their caregiver as a secure base from which to explore
handle independence poorly and often show a defiant personality style

expect to get their own way and often show difficulties respecting others and controlling their behavior

Chloe is a baby who cries a lot. She does not eat or sleep on a regular schedule and she often has difficulty adapting to new experiences. Psychologists would say that Chloe's temperament can be described as _____.

difficult
easy
slow-to-warm-up
defiant

difficult

Collectivistic cultures:

Demonstrate about the same level of conformity as individualistic cultures
Demonstrate less conformity than do individualistic cultures
Demonstrate more conformity than do individualistic cultures
Have not been extensively studied for their influence on conformity

demonstrate more conformity than do individualistic cultures

Darrin is a good piano player. When he is alone and bored his arousal is low and he often gets distracted and makes mistakes. When he is in a recital with strangers, he sometimes gets too nervous and aroused and also makes mistakes. His best performances are typically at home when family and friends are nearby, and his arousal level is moderate. The variations in Darrin's performance can be best explained by the _____.

Yerkes-Dodson law
Clark Hull's theory
James-Lange theory
Cannon-Bard theory

Yerkes-Dodson law

David Rosenhan sent eight fake patients to various hospitals, reporting hearing voices. Which of these best describes what happened to these eight people?

None of them were able to fool the hospitals into thinking they had schizophrenia

Half were diagnosed with schizophrenia

All were diagnosed with schizophrenia, but they were treated as outpatients because their symptoms were not severe

All were diagnosed with schizophrenia, and kept in the hospital from 3 to 52 days.

all were diagnosed with schizophrenia, and kept in the hospital from 3 - 52 days

Developmental psychologists use the term _____ to refer to a person's genes or biological inheritance.

accommodation
nurture
assimilation
nature

nature

Dr. Billings is a therapist who specializes in psychoanalysis. The types of techniques that she is likely to use would include _____.

free association, dream interpretation, transference, and interpreting the client's resistance to discussing painful memories
teaching clients to replace their fears systematically with more relaxed responses
systematic desensitization and token economies
prescribing strong medication that will reduce the client's anxiety so that the client can learn to relax and gain insight

...

Dr. Crane is looking for a test that he can use to understand more about his clients' unconscious motivations. He would be very likely to use a(n) _____.

self-report measure
objective measure
projective measure
observational measure

wrong observation measure

Dr. McCall found that class projects were of poorer quality when students worked in groups compared to when each student did an individual project. This difference can be explained by the phenomenon of _____.
cognitive dissonance
social loafing
the sleeper effect
polarization

social loafing

Dr. Patterson tries to create a warm supportive atmosphere to help her clients improve their self-concepts and to encourage insight into problems. Dr. Patterson says little to her depressed client. Instead, she waits for him to express his feelings and for him to decide what he wants to do about his problems. This emphasis on encouraging self-reflection indicates that Dr. Patterson is practicing _____.
client-centered therapy
behavior therapy
psychoanalysis
cognitive therapy

client - centered therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment sometimes used for _____.

dissociative identity disorder
depression
schizophrenia
obsessive-compulsive disorder

depression

Evan received an ugly pair of pajamas for his birthday. Even though he didn't like the gift, he smiled and thanked his grandmother for the present because that was the expected behavior for that situation. Evan's behavior can be explained in terms of _____.

set points
a display rule
the circumplex
model of emotion

a display rule

Face validity refers to whether _____.

Answer two examiners will agree about a person's personality traits
the content of test items appears to be a good indicator of personality traits
the personality test will predict behavior outside the test situation
the person is giving answers to try to look better

the content of test items appears to be a good indicator of personality traits

Four-year-old Jennifer mistakenly believes that her mother would like to receive an Elmo doll for Christmas. This best illustrates Piaget's concept of _____.

accommodation
object permanence
conservation
egocentrism

egocentrism

Freud believed that the prime motive in human existence is _____, Karen Horney believed that the prime motive in human existence is _____.

security / sex
sex / security
self-actualization / unconditional positive regard
sex / self-actualization

sex / security

Freud considered _____ to be the primary motivating force of human behavior.

the conscious
the unconscious
rewards and punishments
self-actualization

the unconscious

Gordon Allport believed that healthy, well-adjusted individuals _____.

show a positive but objective sense of self and others, and have a sense of humor, common sense, and a unifying philosophy of life

use their innate strengths to fulfill their conscious and unconscious instincts for pleasure, and focus primarily on subjective reality to determine their own sense of truth

have achieved self-actualization, are truthful, work for the common good, and believe in social justice

do not use defense mechanisms, are logical, independent, and financially successful

...show a positive but objective sense of self and others, and have a sense of humor, common sense, and a unifying philosophy of life

Infants who display secure attachment _____.

never cry when their caregiver leaves the room
use their caregiver as a secure base from which to explore the environment
get very upset when their caregiver leaves and usually continue to show anger and distress when the caregiver returns
do not pay much attention to what their caregiver is doing as they know that they are secure

use their caregiver as a secure base from which to explore the environment

Individuals who suffer from _____ have an intense fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in public/collective situations.

generalized anxiety disorder
obsessive-compulsive disorder
post-traumatic stress disorder
social phobia

social phobia

In the DSM-IV, all diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation are assessed on _____.

Axis I
Axis II
Axis III
Axis IV

Axis I

Jack and John were recently dumped by their girlfriends. Jack believes that his girlfriend broke up with him because she is a selfish and unhappy person, whereas John believes that his girlfriend broke up with him because she had to attend to a family emergency and could not make commitment right now. Jack is making a(n) _____ about his girlfriend's behavior, whereas John is making a(n) _____.


internal attribution / external attribution
external attribution / internal attribution
downward social comparison / upward social comparison
upward social comparison / downward social comparison

internal attribution / external attribution

Jacqueline has been in relentless pursuit of thinness for the past six months. She has been starving herself to reach this goal. Jacqueline is exhibiting symptoms of _____.

binge eating disorder
anorexia nervosa
bulimia nervosa
bipolar disorder

anorexia nervosa

Janet has maintained her composure in the face of the death of her mother. Her brother, Joe, has gone into a deep depression and is unable to face work or family obligations. These two siblings appear to differ significantly in terms of what characteristic, which reflects our ability to adapt to difficulties?

Resiliency
Assimilation
Rigidity
Innatism

resiliency

Joshua has received low grades in math throughout his school years. In the lower grades, he would try to study hard, but the results were always the same. Eventually, he stopped trying to do better in math because nothing he tried seemed to work. Joshua has developed _____.

learned helplessness
dyslexia
pervasive refusal syndrome
delusions

learned helplessness

Justin enjoys watching pornography on the internet. He believes it is in everyone's best interests if he isolates himself from them. This behavior is not only jeopardizing his job, but it is also interfering with his relationships. Justin's girlfriend is upset that he spends too much time on the computer, and she is threatening to break up with him. Which of the following criteria for abnormality does Justin's behavior meet?

Deviance
Maladaptive
Distressful
Digression

Maladaptive

Katie, who is moderately liberal, attends a very liberal college. After four years at this college, Katie is likely to become _____ as a result of _____.

more politically conservative/ the fundamental attribution error
more politically conservative / self-perception theory
more liberal / group polarization
more liberal / social loafing

more liberal / group polarization

Kohlberg's model is based on the ________ perspective, wheras Carol Gilligan's is based on the ________ perspective.

Attachment; care
Social; individual
Social; justice
Justice; care

Justice; care

Lithium is an effective _____ drug.

antipsychotic
antianxiety
barbiturate
mood-stabilizing

mood-stabilizing

Luanne is being treated for depression after a breakup with her boyfriend. Her therapist points out that her thoughts, and not the situation itself, cause her depression. Luanne's therapist seems to practice _____ therapy.

psychodynamic
humanistic
client-centered
Beck's cognitive

becks cognitive

Marsha does a good job because she knows her performance will result in a bonus if she meets her goals. Georgia does a good job because she feels a sense of accomplishment when she meets her goals. Both women do the same kind of work. Who is most likely to perform better?

Marsha is most likely to perform better.
Georgia is most likely to perform better.
They both perform equally well.
Marsha is more likely to perform better but also more bored with her work.

Georgia is most likely to perform better.

Marilyn is depressed a great deal of the time and seeks help from a doctor. She is diagnosed as having a mental illness caused by a chemical imbalance. Marilyn is most likely being treated by someone who adheres to the _____ model of psychological disorders.

medical
behavioral
psychoanalytic
cognitive

medical

Mischel developed his CAPS theory in part through research in which domain?

Psychoanalysis
Self-actualization
Life stories
Delayed gratification

...

Mischel nearly derailed the scientific study of personality by challenging the assumption that personality traits are _____.

consistent
consciously expressed
masculine
learned

...

Nicotine and rubella are examples of:

estrogens
androgens
proestrogens
teratogens

teratogens

One aspect of family therapy is the idea that a family member's symptoms are a function of the family relationships. If, for example, a teenage son is the scapegoat of the parents, which family therapy technique would be the most appropriate to use?

Validation
Reframing
Structural change
Detriangulation

detriangulation

Parents warn a new babysitter that their son, Dennis, is very aggressive and mischievous. As a result of this initial expectation, the babysitter starts calling Dennis "Dennis the Menace," and the babysitter behaves in ways that cause aggressive and mischievous behaviors from Dennis. This example best demonstrates the phenomenon called _____.

the self-fulfilling prophecy
the self-serving bias
the fundamental attribution error
social conditioning

the self-fulfilling prophecy

Place the following stages of the Kubler-Ross model in the correct order

Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Depression
Acceptance

1.
Denial
2.
Anger
3.
Bargaining
4.
Depression
5.
Acceptance

Problems in regulating _____ are related to both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

serotonin
epinephrine
tryptamine
dopamine

serotonin

Professor Rothbaum surveys students about their motivation for attending college. Which of the following responses is the best example of strong intrinsic motivation?

"I'm in college because I love learning. Education satisfies my curiosity and makes me feel like a confident well-informed person."

Problems in regulating _____ are related to both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

serotonin
epinephrine
tryptamine
dopamine

serotonin

Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft are what type of antidepressant drugs?

Tricylics
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
Benzodiazepines

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors(SSRI's)

Psychologists believe that the social facilitation effect occurs because _____.

the presence of other individual arouses us
we are more relaxed in group situations than when we are alone
we feel more deindividuated when we are alone than when we are in a group
of a genetic predisposition toward heightened performance in group settings

the presence of other individual arouses us

Regulation of which neurotransmitter is strongly implicated in schizophrenia?

Dopamine
Testosterone
Tryptamine
Ketamine

dopamine

Research into stereotype threat indicates that performance on a test may go down if:

you suggest to the test-takers that people like them typically struggle on this type of test
you ask for names before the test starts
the people administering are men and women from different racial/ethnic backgrounds
the people writing the test are culturally/racially sensitive

you suggest to the test-takers that people like them typically struggle on this type of test

Research on adolescent brain development has shown that the _____ is involved with emotional reactions, whereas the _____ is involved with reasoning and decision making.

prefrontal cortex / amygdala
amygdala / prefrontal cortex
hippocampus / amygdala
hippocampus / amygdala

amygdala / prefrontal cortex

Research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy _____.

clearly shows that psychotherapy

clearly shows that psychotherapy

Research shows that _____ is the most important determinant of therapy outcome.

the therapist's credentials
the cost of the therapist
the quality of the client's participation
the client's age

the quality of the client's participation

Results of Milgram's experiment showed that participants were less likely to comply with the authority figure's requests when _____.
participants could see everyone else being obedient to authority
the authority figure was perceived to be legitimate
the authority figure was far away as opposed to nearby
the victim was made to seem more human

the victim was made to seem more human

Results of cross-cultural and animal studies on the big five model of personality _____.

fail to support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

are mixed in that cross-cultural studies support the big five model but animal studies do not

are mixed in that animal studies support the big five mode, but cross-cultural studies do not

support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

support the fundamental predictions of the big five model

Sam is a participant in a study of moral development. In response to the Heinz moral dilemma story, Sam says that "Heinz shouldn't steal the drug because if he steals he will go to jail. Jail is a bad place so Heinz shouldn't take the risk of such harsh punishment." Sam appears to be operating at which of the following stages of moral development?

Preconventional
Conventional
Postconventional
Hyper-conventional

Preconventional

Setting goals, planning for the implementation of goals, and monitoring progress are all aspects of _____.

self-determination theory
self-regulation
self-fulfilling prophecy
intrinsic motivation

self-regulation

Shawn graduated from college with honors and approaches most aspects of life with the expectation that he will be successful. He expects a great deal of himself and sets his goals high. After his interview for a job in the most prestigious company in his state, he was convinced that he would get the job. You could say that he _____.
has a strong external locus of control
displays low self-efficacy
has a strong tendency to be conceited
displays high self-efficacy

...

Sucking, swallowing, coughing, blinking, and yawning are all examples of:

Skills
Learned behaviors
Reflexes
Operant behaviors

Reflexes

The broaden-and-build model begins with _____.

the adaptiveness of negative emotion
the influence of positive emotions on cognitive processing
the difference between high and low arousal emotions

the influence of positive emotions on cognitive processing

Systematic desensitization involves _____.

pairing a feared stimulus with a state of deep relaxation by being exposed to feared situations in a gradual hierarchical fashion
exposing an individual to feared stimuli to an excessive degree while not allowing him or her to avoid the stimuli
gaining systematic insight into the source of your fear
using a gradual build-up of self-reflective speech

...pairing a feared stimulus with a state of deep relaxation
by being exposed to feared situations in a gradual hierarchical fashion correct

The Cannon-Bard theory predicts that after witnessing a shocking event, a person will
_____.
first experience shock and then be motivated to turn away
be motivated to turn away and then will experience shock
experience increased heart rate and rapid breathing as a release of anxiety
experience physical and emotional reactions simultaneously

experience physical and emotional reactions simultaneously

Your psychotherapist asks you to "free associate." What are you being asked to do?
Answer
Selected Answer:
You are being asked to just "talk" in an undirected manner without reflecting on what you are about to say. correct

...

The Cannon-Bard theory predicts that after witnessing a shocking event, a person will
_____.

first experience shock and then be motivated to turn away
be motivated to turn away and then will experience shock
experience increased heart rate and rapid breathing as a release of anxiety
experience physical and emotional reactions simultaneously

experience physical and emotional reactions simultaneously

The concept of _____ pertains to a psychological state, whereas _____ involves a physiological state.
...reflex/ need
...need/ drive
...need /reflex
...drive / need

drive / need

The discrepancies between Plutchik's and Tompkins' models The concept of _____ pertains to a psychological state, whereas _____ involves a physiological state.
reflex / need
need / drive
drive / need
need / reflex

...

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is an example of _____ test of personality.
a lexical
an observational
a projective
an empirically keyed

an empirically keyed

The tendency to favor one's own cultural group over other groups is called _____.

social identity
ethnocentrism
deindividuation
groupthink

ethnocentrism

What has behavioral genetic research found in the domain of autobiographical memory?
Among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were very different
Among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were quite similar
The genetic overlap of identical twins reared apart had no effect on memories
Early autobiographical memories are determined entirely by experiences, and not by genetics

among twins reared in different households, memories of early life were quite similar

What infant perception research technique involves giving an infant a choice at what to look at and then looking for a reliable preference for one stimulus over the other?

Habituation
Preferential looking
Aphasia
Object permanence

Preferential looking

What is one of the challenges in identifying people with antisocial personality disorder?

They often are able to con even skilled mental health professionals

they often are able to con even skilled mental health professionals

Whenever Claudia gets an A on her psychology exam, she believes it was due to the fact that she is an intelligent, hard-working student. However, when she receives a D on an exam, she blames the instructor's ineffective teaching style and poor choice of test questions. Claudia's behavior is an example of _____.

learned helplessness
the self-serving bias
the false uniqueness effect
the false consensus effect

the self-serving bias

When Sandra was 18 years old, she was in a serious car accident. Although she made a full recovery from her injuries, she experienced extreme anxiety afterward. Sandra is now very anxious when driving, has nightmares about the accident, and flinches when she goes through intersections. Sandra has symptoms suggestive of _____.

post-traumatic stress disorder correct

post-traumatic stress disorder

When thinking about a situation, the actor is more likely to think about ______ factors, while the observer is more likely to view it in terms of ______ factors.

Personality / situational
Situational / personality
External / situational
Internal / personality

situational / personality

When people pay close attention to the facts, the _____ is (are) the most persuasive, but when subjects are not paying full attention, such as during a television commercial, the _____ may work better.

central route / emotional appeals

central route / emotional appeals

Which category will be a new addition in DSM-V?


Risk syndromes

risk syndromes

Which class of drugs is believed to treat schizophrenia with fewer side-effects than the neuroleptics?

Atypical antipsychotics

atypical antipsychotics

Which is not a component of Bonanno's theory of grieving?

Determination
Resilience
Recovery
Delayed grief

Determination

Which is an example of the central route to persuasion?
"You should vote for me because these data support my positions"
"You should vote for me because I'm like you"
"You should vote for me because the other guy is frightening"
"You should vote for me because I'm very friendly"

you should vote for me because these data support my positions

Which of the following characterizes pubertal change in adolescents?

1 Hormones are alone responsible for adolescent behavior.
2 Estradiol, an estrogen, is associated in boys with the development of genitals, an increase in height, and voice change.
3 There is no dramatic change in the concentration of certain hormones because they decrease gradually during puberty.
4 The peak of pubertal change occurs at an average age of 11½ for girls and 13½ for boys.

4 (The peak of pubertal change occurs at an average age of 11½ for girls and 13½ for boys.)

Which of the following features of group therapy helps individuals who share a psychological disorder observe that others feel anguish and suffering as well?

Information
Universality
Altruism
Interpersonal learning

universality

Which of the following neurotransmitters is associated with neuroticism?

Serotonin

...

Which of the following forms of treatment relies on paraprofessionals?

Family therapy
Couples therapy
Self-help groups
Humanistic therapy

self- help groups

Which of the following is a behavior therapy based on classical conditioning?

Applied behavior analysis
Client-centered therapy
Aversive therapy
REBT

aversive therapy

Which of the following is a negative symptom of Schizophrenia?

Flat affect

flat affect

Which of the following is NOT a method proposed by Rogers to develop a more positive self-concept?
Unconditional positive regard
Empathy
Genuineness
Defense mechanisms

Defense mechanisms

defense mechanisms

Which of the following is true of neuroleptic drugs?

If an individual with schizophrenia stops taking neuroleptic drugs, the symptoms return.

if an individual with schizophreiz stops taking neuroleptic drugs, the symptoms return

Which of the following is true of the sympathetic nervous system?

It promotes relaxation and healing.

It prepares the individual for fighting or running away.

It calms the body.

When it is activated, heart rate and blood pressure drop, stomach activity and food digestion increase, and breathing slows.

It prepares the individual for fighting or running away.

Which of the following is true of neuroleptic drugs?

If an individual with schizophrenia stops taking neuroleptic drugs, the symptoms return.

...

Which of the following statements about brain development is false?

1 At birth, the infant brain has about 100 billion neurons, but only minimal neural connections.
2 During the first two years of life, the dendrites of the neurons branch out and the neurons become far more interconnected.
3 Aside from growing larger, the brain does not undergo any anatomical changes after birth
4 Synaptic connection increase dramatically during childhood. Connections tat are made become stronger and will survive. Unused synaptic connection will be pruned (replaced or eliminated)

3 (Aside from growing larger, the brain does not undergo any anatomical change after birth.)

Which of the following statements about dissociative identity disorder is false?

Each personality has knowledge of the memories, behaviors, and relationships of the other personalities.
correct

...

Which of the following statements about instincts is false?

Instincts are learned behavioral responses.

Which of the following statements about psychosurgery is false?
Psychosurgery is a biological therapy that involves the removal or destruction of brain tissue to improve the individual's adjustment.
A prefrontal lobotomy is a type of psychosurgery that involves severing fibers that connect the frontal lobe and the thalamus.
The effects of psychosurgery can be reversed with intensive therapy.
Present-day psychosurgery involves making just a small lesion in the amygdala or another part of the limbic system.

The effects of psychosurgery can be reversed with intensive therapy

Which perspective encourages people to understand themselves and to grow personally, with a clinical emphasis on self-healing capacities?

Humanist

humanist

Which statement best describes the relationship between neuroticism and emotion?

Neuroticism is related to feeling more negative emotion

William has volunteered to work in a war-torn country to try to improve the lives of the residents there. The citizens currently have enough to eat and drink. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, what would these citizens be in need of next?

Safety
Esteem
Belongingness and love
Self-transcendence

Safety

Within conformity, _____ is based on a person's desire to be accepted by the group.
Answer
Selected Answer:
Normative social influence correct

normative social influence

Xanax, Valium, and Librium are benzodiazepines that are commonly used drug therapies for treating _____.
mood disorders
anxiety disorders
schizophrenia
dissociative disorders

anxiety disorders

You are feeling upset when your mother turns toward you and says "turn that frown upside down." You turn your frown into a smile and realize that you now feel happy. This experience can be best described by the _____.

Yerkes-Dodson law
facial feedback hypothesis
Cannon-Bard theory
self-determination theory

facial feedback hypothesis

You are watching golf and see Tiger Woods scowl. You would be making the fundamental attribution error if you assumed that _____.

he has an angry and volatile personality

he has an angry and volatile personality

You laughed out loud a lot when you saw a movie in the theater; however, when you watch it later at home, you don't find it that funny. This example demonstrates the effects of _____.

group polarization
social contagion

social contagion

You tried to play peek-a-boo with your 6-month-old nephew, but whenever you hid your face, he would cry. You try it again three months later, and now he laughs and enjoys the game, trying to uncover your face with his hands. Your nephew has begun to develop _____.

egocentrism
object permanence
hindsight bias
conservation

object permanence

Your roommate is acting very strangely. Although she has not slept much in the past few days, she says she is on top of the world. She has cleaned and re-cleaned her closets several times. She also took all her savings and invested it in a questionable financial venture. This period of non-stop activity has lasted for well over a week and is in sharp contrast to the depression and fatigue she exhibited earlier this semester. Your roommate is exhibiting symptoms of _____.

generalized anxiety disorder
panic disorder
dysthymic disorder
bipolar disorder

bipolar disorder

Your psychotherapist asks you to "free associate." What are you being asked to do?

You are being asked to concentrate on relaxing as your therapist presents you with anxiety-provoking stimuli.

You are being asked to completely empty your mind of all thoughts.

You are being asked to just "talk" in an undirected manner without reflecting on what you are about to say.

You are being asked to recall everything you can about traumatic childhood events.

You are being asked to just "talk" in an undirected manner without reflecting on what you are about to say

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