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Deviance vs conformity

D: Violates social norm and C: Follows social norm

Law: Mala prhibita

means there is a rule or law which forbids something from being done such as speed limits.

Lombroso

Theory of judging whether people are criminals or not based on there appearance (looks). People who look like monkeys are criminals.

Robert Merton

The person behined conformist, Innovator, Ritualist, Retreatist and Rebellion

conformist

University student studying medicine. (Accepts cultural goals and cultural means of achieving them).

Innovator

A drug dealer. (Accepts the goals, but rejects the means of achievement).

Ritualist

A supermarket worker. (They do not accept the cultural goals, but they do abide by the correct behaviors which are necessary to fulfill the cultural goals).

Retreatist

A junkie perhaps. (They reject both the cultural goals and cultural means of
achievement. They basically just don't care.)

Rebellion

A goth, or political activist. (They reject both the cultural goals and means of achievement. However, they create their own goals and means of achievement. The rebel against the cultural norms.).

Edwin Lemert

The person behind the idea primary and secondary deviance

Elements of crime Mens Rea

the INTENT to commit a crime

Elements of crime Actus Reus

Is the actual doing of a crime.

Primary deviance

when someone violates a social but doesn't get labeled for and the do not find themselves deviant.
EX: Stealing food because you are poor and hungry is an example of primary deviance. Stealing food habitually is secondary deviance.

Secondary deviant

when authorities label an individual and the person had to accept the fact that they are deviant.
EX: Stealing food because you are poor and hungry is an example of primary deviance. Stealing food habitually is secondary deviance.

Sheldon

Biological theories you can classify people on 3 things as who are criminals
1) Ectomorph
2) Endomoph
3) Mesomorph- he believe those type are criminals

Law: Mala in Se

means something that every ones is aware that it is wrong such as murder

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