Surgery that is performed to improve appearance but not necessarily function; also called cosmetic surgery.
The surgical transplantation of tissue from one part of the body to another in the same individual.
Tissue that has been burned --- second, third degree burns --- but remains adherent to the wound. Eschar is nonelastic and may constrict underlying structures, impairing vial functions.
Longitudinal incisions made in the fascia to release severe swelling or stricture which can result in necrosis.
A dressing impregnated with a water based gel. This type of dressing prevents the wound from drying.
A synthetic, natural, or biosynthetic substance used to fill in or replace an anatomical structure.
A hypertrophic scar occurring in dark skinned individuals. The scar may become bulbous and usually does not reduce over time.
A procedure in which a malignant tissue mass is removed and cut into quadrants before frozen section. These quadrants are used to map the tumor and determine the exact location of malignant margins.
Split thickness - or partial thickness - skin graft STSG
A skin graft that consists of the epidermis and a portion of the papillary dermis.
Grafts derived from synthetic material compatible with body tissue. Synthetic grafts may be soft, semisolid, or liquid.
A surgical technique in which a plane of tissue is created or an existing tissue plane is lifted, such as skin from the fascia.
A graft made up of tissue taken from one species and grafted into another species ---- a porcine graft implanted in human tissue.
is performed to change the size of the breast. May be performed to reconstruct the breast without impalnts.
Superficial partial thickness first degree burn
Only the outer layer of the epidermis is injured. The skin is red or pink, dry, and painful to touch.
Partial thickness second degree
The epidermis and various degrees of the dermis are injured. The skin is blistered, red, and moist. The burn is very sensitive to environmental exposure and touch.
Full thickness second degree
The epidermis and full dermis are injured. These burns are characterized by a white, smooth, shiny surface with blisters and edema.
Full thickness third degree
The skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, and bone are burned. The third degree burn is centered in an area of second degree injury. The skin may be white, brown, or black and appears waxy. There is no pain because nerves have been destroyed.
is also called a flap graft. The skin is cut but not severed, instead a flap is created and the damaged area is sewn into it. Example, no skin on fingertip and the fingertip is sewn into adjacent finger to create a graft.
would be a flap from the face, for example, where skin is cut from the cheek and rolled down to the superior area of the lips in order to get rid of a mole.
Mammoplasty and saline
the surgical technologist will be responsible for the amount of saline that goes in. Unit of measure will be in cc's.
the implant is placed under the muscle. Blunt dissection and electrosurgical dissection is used.
TRAM flap is
used to reconstruct the breast without the use of implants. Maybe later. Performed after mastectomy.
Performed to remove excess abdominal wall skin and adipose tissue and tighten abdominal wall muscles. Panniculectomy is usually done after a lot of weight loss.