Definition of Mental Health
Successful performance of mental functions, resulting int he ability to engage in productive activities, enjoy fulfilling relationships, and change or cope with adversity
What is Mental Illness
A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome experienced by a person and marked by distress, disability, or the risk of suffering disability or loss of freedom
• A characteristic of mental health
• The ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune and change.
• Associated with the process of adaption and helps people facing tragedy, loss, trauma, and severe stress
Some aspects of mental health
• Control over behavior
• Appraisal of reality
• Effectiveness in work
• Healthy self-concept
• Satisfying relationships
• Effective coping strategies
• See page 14 for more...I mean, read pg 14 only if you really have a burning desire...it's not all that interesting.
quantitative study of the distribution of mental disorders in human populations
The proportion of the population with a mental disorder at a given time (new and old cases at any given time)
Number of new cases
Factors affecting the severity and progression of mental illness
• Support systems
• Family influences
• Developmental events
• Cultural or subcultural beliefs and values
• Health practices
• Negative influences
DSM IV TR
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV Text Revised
It is the handbook that is used most often in the US in diagnosing mental disorders
How many axises are in the DSM IV Multiaxial System?
Axis I, II, III, IV, V
On what does each axis focus?
• Axis I: Mental disorder that is the focus of treatment
• Axis II: Personality disorders and mental retardation
• Axis III: General medical disorder relevant to the mental disorder in axis I
• Axis IV: Psychosocial and environmental problems
• Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)
How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?
Let me know when you figure it out...b/c I have not a clue!
Cultural and social influences and the DSM IV
• Diagnostic assessment can be especially challenging when a clinical from one ethnic or cultural group uses the DSM-IV-TR classification to evaluate an individual from a different ethnic or cultural group
• Social Changes: e.g. homosexuality
• Culture-related syndromes: e.g. anorexia nervosa