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people, vehicles, and roadways

what are the parts of the highway transportation system (HTS)?

three

you drive to the store, pick up some shampoo, and return home. how many parts of the hts were involved?

compensating for them

good drivers deal with drivers who cannot or will not perform in a safe and responsible manner by

driver who obeys traffic laws

most important element in the regulation o the hts is the

vehicle code

a state's driving-related laws are found in its

the driving task

all the skilled actions a driver must take to drive a car safely are called

drivers must interact with each other

driving is a social task because

decision-making

which ability is most important to safe driving

inability to make decisions

the greatest problem most beginning drivers face is their

identify, predict, decide, execute

the four steps in the ipde process are

identify

which ipde step do you use when you look ahead and locate a hazard

predict

when you judge where a possible conflict might occur, what ipde step are you using

execute

what ipde step do you use when you apply the brake to stop

defensive driving

protecting yourself and others while driving means you are practicing

passengers, other roadway users, and self

a safe driver is responsible for

driver behavior

which aspect of driving is most affected by attitudes

gain the respect of others

if you demonstrate good attitudes toward driving you can

property damage and injuries they cause to other people

most states have laws requiring drivers to be financially responsible so drivers can pay for

breakdowns of the hts

traffic tie-ups and collisions are examples of

driver error

what is the main cause of most traffic collisions

most result from several causes

most accurate statement about the term "collisions"

lack of experience

the high collision rate of beginning drivers is due mostly to

affects the environment

conserving fuel is important because burning fuel..

regulate, warn, and guide

functions that traffic signs serve

allowing others to go before you

yielding in traffic means

stop and wait for your turn to move

what must you do at a 4 way stop

no faster than is safe for existing conditions

the basic speed law requires you to drive

the action is not allowed

a red circle and diagonal slash on a sign means that

no passing

a sideways triangle sign means

warning

a sign shaped like a diamond

railroad crossing

what does a round traffic sign mean

an orange sign

a construction zone is indicated by

provide information

guide signs..

symbols, not words

international roadway signs only use

make every reasonable effort to stop

your traffic light changes to yellow as you approach an intersection. in most cases, what action should you take

stopping and yielding to pedestrians and vehicles

where right turn on red is permitted, you can turn right after

stop, then proceed when the intersection is clear

what action should you take when you come to a flashing red light

turn right after yielding to other traffic and pedestrians

you see a green arrow pointing to the right. you want to turn right. you should

you must move from that lane

a red x over your traffic lane means

the only one to follow regardless of traffic signals

a traffic-control officer's signal is

no passing from either way

two solid yellow center lines on a two-lane highway means

broken white lines

separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction (what kind of lines)

generally not to cross the line

a solid white line between two lanes of traffic means that you are

reflectors

what roadway markings are used to guide your drivin path

no parking zones

curbs painted red, yellow, or white are generally designated as

turning the ignition switch on

you can make sure that warning lights are working by

engine coolant

the temperature light or gauge indicates the temperature of

the braking system is not working properly

the brake system warning light tells you

locked

when the ignition switch is turned to 'lock' the shift lever and steering wheel are

require less physical effort on the brake

power brakes

press accelerator pedal halfway to the floor

to activate the automatic choke

a blind spot

the area to the rear of the car not seen in mirrors is

up so the lever remains on

to indicate a right turn, move the lever

approach from the front of the car

when entering a car from the street side

fasten your safety belft

what is the last thing you do as a check inside the car

press accelerator lightly and hold it

to start a warm carbureted engine:

leave the accelerator alone

to start a warm fuel injection engine:

thinking task

the driving task is primarily a

seeing, thinking, and responding

the ipde process is an organized system of

ahead after each check

in an orderly visual search pattern, the driver should glance

look far ahead as you drive

aim high in steering means to

identify only important driving clues and events

selective seeing means that you

move into the through lane as soon as possible

when you identify that a roadway is narrowing from a multilane to a single lane, you should

predict

when you interpret the information you have identified, you

measuring, comparing, and evaluating a traffic situation

making driving judgments involves

judge where possible points of conflict may occur

when you use the predict step in the ipde process, you

how to avoid conflict with others

you should base your driving decisions primarily on

leave yourself an out

you are going to change direction, therefore you must

making sure others see you

communication with others to reduce risk in a possible conflict situation involves

i am planning to slow or stop

when you top your brake pedal, what message are you giving to other drivers?

accelerate, brake, steer, and communicate

the most important actions you will execute frequently to avoid conflicts are

avoid locking the brakes

when braking in an emergency stop, you should

executing a combination of actions

when you accelerate and steer at the same time, you are

the distance you can see ahead

your sight distance is

reduce speed

as traction decreases, you should

adjust speed to separate hazards

when you must handle several hazards at the same time, the best tactic is to

give as much space as possible to the greater hazard

when you compromise space you

combine the steps into one smooth process

after you learn each step of the ipde process you should

more time

as the traffic scene increases in complexity, what do you need to carry out the ipde process

increase

a car's speed when going downhill tends to

raises the car's center of gravity

placing a filled roof top carrier on a car

kinetic energy

energy of motion is another way of expressing

four times the distance to stop

because of its energy of motion, when a vehicle's speed doubles, the vehicle needs about

friction

the gripping action which keeps a tire from slipping on the roadway is called

allow water to flow away from the tire

one purpose of the tread pattern on a tire is to

used to turn

when you slow for a turn, some traction is used to slow and some is

help create traction

good shock absorbers

less traction than on a paved roadway

on a sandy, muddy, or gravel roadway, a car's tires have

go in a straight line

a car driven into a curve tends to

needs more traction to stay on the roadway

you drive through a curve at a speed higher than the posted speed. your car

slow stopping ability

large vehicles, such as trucks and buses, have

poor for quick turning

compared to other passenger vehicles, the turning ability of most recreational vehicles is

perception, reaction, and braking distances

total stopping distance consists of

increases as speed increases

braking distance

your stopping distance

the 4 second rule is an estimate of

is different than other vehicles

one fact you can assume about your car's braking ability is that it

speed

when a moving object hits something, what is the most important factor in determining how hard it hits

bushes, because they give more and cushion impact

given the choice of colliding with bushes or with a parked car, you should choose the

steering wheel and column

which energy-asorbing feature prtects the driver in a front end collision

the occupants hit the inside of the car after a collision

the second collision occurs when

a safety belt

an example of an active restraint is

a passive restraint

a restraint that provides protection without having to be handled by the occupant is called

required in all states for children up to a certain age

a properly installed child safety seat is

far ahead toward the center of your intended path

to steer straight forward, look

turns the steering wheel too much

a beginning driver may tend to oversteer. this means the driver

see through the rear window

as you back your car straight, your right arm should be over the back of the seat so you can

left arm and hand extended straight out

the correct hand signal for a left turn is

you are in the left lane and intend to turn right

in which situation would you make a lane change to the right.

check to see that the roadway ahead has no obstructions

just before beginning any lane change maneuver

pulling the steering wheel down with one hand while your other hand crosses over to pull the wheel farther down

hand over hand steering involves

use hand over hand to unwind the steering wheel

in straightening the car after a turn

be in the correct lane about a block before the turn

to plan for a turn, you should

you will have both hands free for turning

you need to downshift to slow for a turn. why should you complete the downshift before the turn

the lane closest to the center line

which lane should you be in to begin a left turn from a two-way street

to the left

before turning right, your last check for traffic should be

rear and right

when backing to the right, after checking all around the car, look to the

pull the steering wheel to the left

to back to the left, you

you cross or back into one or more lanes of traffic

a turnabout maneuver is risky because

a place with at least 500 feet of clear visibility in each direction

prepare to safely make a turnabout by selecting

back into the traffic flow before moving forward

a disadvantage of pulling into a driveway on the left side to turnabout is that you must

backing into a driveway or an alley on the right

the safest turnabout maneuver is

at a right angle to the curb

use perpendicuar parking to park

can see down the right stall line

to enter an angle parking space to your right, turn the front wheels sharply right when you

be in the center of the parking space

after completing a parallel parking maneuver, your car should

must yield to all approaching traffic

when leaving a parallel parking space, you

use your left foot on the brake pedal

you are starting a car with an automatic transmission on a steep, uphill grade. since you do not want to sue the parking brake, you

steer left, shift to neutral, and rolld back to the curb

when parking uphill on the right side when there is a crub

turning the wheels straight

to keep your car from rolling into the street when parking downhill on the right, set the parking brake after

an intersection

the chance of a collision is greatest at

a yield sign

you approach an uncontrolled intersection. you should treat it as though which sign is present

a controlled intersection

an intersection with a yield sign is

controlled

you are approaching an intersection that has traffic signals. the intersection is

the inside left lane nearest center line

on a four lane street, you must bein a left turn from

a protected left turn

an intersection with a left turn light, a green arrow, or a delayed green light has

left turn arrow is green

you intend to turn left at an intersection. others will yield right of way to you for a left turn only when your

treat the light as you would a stop sign

generally, you may turn right on red providing you

stop sign and yield sign

two kinds of signs are used to control intersections. they are

look around and through the windows of the parked cars

you plan to drive across an intersection. however, your view is blocked to the left by parked cars. usually you can

size of the gab between vehicles

you are preparing to enter traffic at an intersection. you must judge the

6 seconds

turning right and accelerating to 30mph takes about

large the gab must be

when turning right and joining traffic, the faster traffic is moving, the

more dangerous than a right turn

when joining traffic, a left turn is

when other drivers give it to you

you have the right of way only

letting others go first

yielding the right of way means

should yield the right of way

traffic signs and signals show who

at a stop sign

you must yield the right of way

round, yellow sign

the sign for a railroad crossing is a

white x shaped sign

a railroad crossing is indicated by

be prepared for it to stop

when following a bus across a railroad crossing, you should

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