Mosby Ch 7 Nutrition

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Florida Institute of Animal Arts access

(3) Diets (Stages of life diets)

growth, maintenance, senior (reproductive, lactation, work)

premium foods

require less food to meet daily requirements, produce less waste

generic foods

require more food to meet daily requirements, produce more waste

designer foods

homeopathic foods (all natural)

(3) prescription diets

Hills k/d (kidney disease), Hills h/d (heart disease), Hills l/d (liver disease),

(3) therapeutic diets

Hills w/d (weight management), Hills d/d (dermatological), Hills a/d (recovery)

Basic Nutrients

water, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals, vitamins

vitamins

compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients

Fat soluble vitamins

Vitamins K, E, A, D

Carbohydrates

main source of energy for the body, heat source, building block for other nutrients

Lipids

heat source, provides insulation and protection for the body, energy source (2.25 times the energy than carbs)

Carbohydrates

corn, wheat, rice (sugars and starches)

Lipids

fats, (oils, and waxes)

Proteins

made of amino acids, building blocks for enzymes (and hormones), aids digestion

proteins

meats, meat by products

meat

tongue, diaphragm, heart, esophagus, overlaying fat, nerves and blood vessels (flesh of slaughtered animals)

meat by products

lungs, spleen, kidney, brain, liver, blood, bone, stomach intestines (clean parts of slaughtered animals)

AAFCO

American Animal Feed Control Officals

amino acids

building blocks (chemical units) that make up proteins

(5) minerals

phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, (sulfur, chlorine) (substances the body cannot manufacture)

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