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Chapter 2

ADJUDICATE

TO HEAR AND SETTLE BY A JUDICIAL PROCESS

ARBITRATION

A HEARING HELD BETWEEN TWO OR MORE PARTIES WHO DISAGREE ON AN ISSUE BUT AGREE IN ADVANCE TO ABIDE BY THE DECISION OF AN IMPARTIAL THIRD PERSON

BENCH TRIAL

a trial in which a judge serves without a jury and rules on the law as well as the facts

BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT

proven in a thoroughly convincing way

BURDEN OF PROOF

THE NECESSITY OF GIVING CONVINCING LEGAL PROOF OF ANY FACTS IS DISPUTE

CERT. DENIED

WHEN THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT REFUSES TO HEAR A CASE ON APPEAL

COMMON LAW

LAW DERIVING ITS AUTHORITY FROM USAGES AND CUSTOMS AFFIRMED BY COURT JUDGMENTS AND DECREES

CONFIDENTIALITY

THE STATE OF BEING TREATED AS A PRIVATE MATTER NOT INTENDED FOR PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT

a right guaranteed to citizens by the Constitution and assailable by law

CONTINGENCY

SOMETHING THAT MAY OCCUR BUT IS DEPENDENT UPON AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE EVENT

CREDIBILITY

THE QUALITY IN WITNESS THAT MAKES HIS OR HER EVIDENCE WORTH BELIEVING

CROSS EXAMINATION

INTERROGATION OF A WITNESS BY A PARTY OTHER THAN THE DIRECT EXAMINER

DAMAGES

MONETARY COMPENSATION FOR LOSS OR INJURY

DECISION

THE AUTHORITATIVE JUDGMENT MADE TO SETTLE A CONTROVERSY

DEPOSITION

A PRIOR STATEMENT BY A WITNESS TO BE USED IN COURT AS TESTIMONY TAKEN UNDER OATH SUBJECT TO CROSS EXAMINATION

DIRECT EXAMINATION

THE FIRST INTERROGATION OF A WITNESS BY THE FOR WHOM THE WITNESS HAS BEEN CALLED IN BEHALF OF THAT PARTY'S CLAIM

DISPOSITION

A PRIOR STATEMENT BY A WITNESS TO BE USED IN COURT AS TESTIMONY TAKEN UNDER OATH SUBJECT TO CROSS EXAMINATION

DISTRICT ATTORNEY

THE OFFICIAL PROSECUTOR OF A JUDICIAL DISTRICT

DOCUMENTATION

THE SUPPLYING OF WRITTEN OR PRINTED OFFICIAL INFORMATION THAT CAN BE USED FOR EVIDENCE

INCIDENT REPORT

THE OFFICIAL STATE STATEMENT ABOUT AN INCIDENT

INTERROGATORY

WRITTEN QUESTIONS ABOUT A CASE ADDRESSED TO ONE PARTY BY ANOTHER

INTERROGATORY

WRITTEN QUESTIONS ABOUT A CASE ADDRESSED TO ONE PARTY BY ANOTHER

JUDGMENT

THE COURTS DECISION REGARDING THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES IN A DISPUTE

MEDIATION

A NEUTRAL PARTY HEARS TWO OPPOSING PARTIES WITH THE INTENT OF PERSUADING

MOTION

THE APPLICATION TO A COURT OR JUDGE FOR A RULING IN FAVOR OF THE ONE APPLYING

NEGOTIATION

EXCHANGE AND CONSIDERATION OF OFFERS UNTIL PARTIES AGREE ON A SOLUTION THAT IS ACCEPTABLE TO BOTH

PERJURY

A FALSE STATEMENT UNDER OATH

PRETRIAL CONFERENCE

THE FIRST COURT CONFERENCE OF PARTIES INVOLVED IN A DISPUTE

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE

MEDICAL PRACTICES AND PRECAUTIONS DESIGNED TO WARD OFF LITIGATION

PSYCHOLOGICAL

INFLUENCING MENTAL OR EMOTIONAL BEHAVIOR

SUBSTANTIVE LAW

THE PART OF LAW THAT CREATES, DEFINES, AND REGULATES RIGHT

TESTIMONY

evidence given BY A COMPETENT WITNESS

WITNESS

A PERSON TESTIFYING UNDER OATH TO WHAT HE OR SHE HAS HEARD OR NOTICED

WRIT OF CERTIORARI

A DEVICE USED BY THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT TO CHOOSE THE CASES IT WANTS TO HEAR

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