House of Tudor: patronized Erasmus, Holbein the Younger, Thomas More
a.k.a. "Defender of the Faith"; named himself head of Church of England in 1533
6 wives, one son, Edward VI, by Jane Seymour
House of Tudor; never married; considered illegitimate. Sister of Mary I
named herself "Governor" of the Church. Reign saw the emergence of Shakespeare
House of Hanover; lost American colonies in the Revolutionary War
Suffered from porphyria; Britain's economic empire expanded during his reign
a.k.a. Alexandrina; also served as Empress of India (1876-1901). House of Hanover.
Longest reign in history; went into seclusion after husband's death (Albert)
influenced passage of Reform Act of 1867; favored prime ministers such as Lord Melbourne, Peel, Disraeli.
a.k.a. "The Conqueror"; House of Normandy. Invaded England (1066)
Authorized survey of the Domesday Book; defeated Anglo-Saxons @ Battle of Hastings
William The Conqueror
Nickname of William I
House of Stuart; last absolute monarch; forced to sign Petition of Right
attempted to reform Scottish Church, causing English Civil War
House of Stuart; great grandson of Henry VII; Target of Gunpowder Plot
Catholic fanatic best known for the Gunpowder Plot
Rule saw expansion into North America in Virginia and Massachusetts
House of York; made Duke of Gloucester in 1461. Related to the Wars of the Roses.
House of Windsor; the current Queen of England.
Representative of modern ceremonial monarchy; husband: "Prince" Philip Mountbatten
House of Plantagenet; tried to seize crown from brother Richard; Excommunicated by the Pope
forced to sign Magna Carta at Runnymede
House of Stuart; crowned King of Scotland in 1651; aka "Merry Monarch"
Fought two wars against the Dutch and signed Treaty of Dover w/ Louis XIV
House of Stuart; only served three years as King; featured heavy favoritism toward Catholicism
son-in-law: William of Orange; made attempt to regain crown but lost at Battle of Boyne
House of Plantagenet; son of Geoffrey of Anjou ; married Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1152.
developed common law and due process in Britain. 4 sons conspired against him w/ French king Philip II
aka "The Lionhearted"; House of Plantagenet. Fought Philip II in Normandy, captured on the Third Crusade
Third son of Henry II; only reigned for 5 months in England; died while defending his possessions in Aquitaine.
Richard the Lionhearted
Nickname of Richard I
Alfred the Great
House of Saxon (Saxon House); really just the King of Wessex; kept England from the worst of the Dark Ages
Alfred the Great
translated Boethius, Augustine, & the Venerable Bede's works into Anglo-Saxon.