NAQT british monarchs

34 terms by lucasmucus92

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Henry VIII

House of Tudor: patronized Erasmus, Holbein the Younger, Thomas More

Henry VIII

a.k.a. "Defender of the Faith"; named himself head of Church of England in 1533

Henry VIII

6 wives, one son, Edward VI, by Jane Seymour

Elizabeth I

House of Tudor; never married; considered illegitimate. Sister of Mary I

Elizabeth I

named herself "Governor" of the Church. Reign saw the emergence of Shakespeare

George III

House of Hanover; lost American colonies in the Revolutionary War

George III

Suffered from porphyria; Britain's economic empire expanded during his reign

Victoria

a.k.a. Alexandrina; also served as Empress of India (1876-1901). House of Hanover.

Victoria

Longest reign in history; went into seclusion after husband's death (Albert)

Victoria

influenced passage of Reform Act of 1867; favored prime ministers such as Lord Melbourne, Peel, Disraeli.

William I

a.k.a. "The Conqueror"; House of Normandy. Invaded England (1066)

William I

Authorized survey of the Domesday Book; defeated Anglo-Saxons @ Battle of Hastings

William The Conqueror

Nickname of William I

Charles I

House of Stuart; last absolute monarch; forced to sign Petition of Right

Charles I

attempted to reform Scottish Church, causing English Civil War

James I

House of Stuart; great grandson of Henry VII; Target of Gunpowder Plot

Guy Fawkes

Catholic fanatic best known for the Gunpowder Plot

James I

Rule saw expansion into North America in Virginia and Massachusetts

Richard III

House of York; made Duke of Gloucester in 1461. Related to the Wars of the Roses.

Elizabeth II

House of Windsor; the current Queen of England.

Elizabeth II

Representative of modern ceremonial monarchy; husband: "Prince" Philip Mountbatten

John

House of Plantagenet; tried to seize crown from brother Richard; Excommunicated by the Pope

John

forced to sign Magna Carta at Runnymede

Charles II

House of Stuart; crowned King of Scotland in 1651; aka "Merry Monarch"

Charles II

Fought two wars against the Dutch and signed Treaty of Dover w/ Louis XIV

James II

House of Stuart; only served three years as King; featured heavy favoritism toward Catholicism

James II

son-in-law: William of Orange; made attempt to regain crown but lost at Battle of Boyne

Henry II

House of Plantagenet; son of Geoffrey of Anjou ; married Eleanor of Aquitaine in 1152.

Henry II

developed common law and due process in Britain. 4 sons conspired against him w/ French king Philip II

Richard I

aka "The Lionhearted"; House of Plantagenet. Fought Philip II in Normandy, captured on the Third Crusade

Richard I

Third son of Henry II; only reigned for 5 months in England; died while defending his possessions in Aquitaine.

Richard the Lionhearted

Nickname of Richard I

Alfred the Great

House of Saxon (Saxon House); really just the King of Wessex; kept England from the worst of the Dark Ages

Alfred the Great

translated Boethius, Augustine, & the Venerable Bede's works into Anglo-Saxon.

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