Medical Terminology Body Systems: Skin and Sense Organs

88 terms by carrie_cassie

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Anatomy

aural discharge

fluid or material from the ear

otitis

inflammation of an ear

subutaneous

lower layer of the skin composed of fatty tissue

epidermis

outer layer of skin

dermatology

study of the skin and its diseases

myringotomy

incision of the eardrum

tympanoplasty

surgical repair of the eardrum

ocular

pertaining to the eye

onycholysis

separating of a nail from its foundation (bed)

ophthalmoscope

instrument used to visually examine the eye

aphakia

absence of the lens of the eye

pilosebaceous

pertaining to hair and its associated sebaceous gland

retinopathy

disease of the retina

trichophagia

habit of eating hair; abnormal craving for nonfood substances (dirt, clay, glue, and the like)

subugual

pertaining to under a nail

alopecia

absence of hair from areas where it normally grows; baldness

cataract

clouding (opacity) of the lens of the eye, causing impairment of vision or blindness

conjuctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva

glaucoma

increase in pressure (fluid accumulation) within the chamber at the front of the eye

melanoma

malignant tumor of pigmented cells that arises from a nevus (mole) in the skin

stye (sty)

pus-filled (purulent) infection of glands near the eyelid (most often caused by bacteria) aka. hordeolum

tinnitus

abnormal noise (ringing, buzzing, roaring) sounds in the ears

allergy test

procedure in which allergy-causing substances are placed on the skin and a reaction is noted. in the patch test, a patch with a suspected allergen is placed on the skin. the scratch test involves making several scratches and inserting a small amount of allergen in the scratches

bacterial and fungal tests

procedures in which samples from skin lesions are taken to determine the presence of bacterial infection or fungal growth

fluorescein angiography

fluorescein (a contrast substance) is injected intravenously and the movement of blood is observed by ophthalmoscopy. It is used to detect diabetic or hypertensive retinopathy and also degeneration of the macular (central) area of the retina

ophthalmoscopy

visual examination of the interior of the eye

otoscopy

visual examination of the ear (to the eardrum)

skin biopsy

procedure in which samples of skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination

slit-lampmicroscopy

examination of the anterior eye structures (such as the cornea) using an instrument that projects intense light through a narrow opening for optimal visualization

tuning for tests

procedure in which a vibration source (tuning fork) is placed in front of the opening to the ear to test air conduction of sound waves. the tuning fork is also placed on the mastoid bone behind the ear to test bone conduction of sound waves

AD

right ear

AS

left ear

ENT

ears, nose, throat

HEENT

head, eyes, ears, nose, throat

OD

right eye

OS

left eye

PERRLA

pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation

VA

visual acuity (clarity of vision)

VF

visual field

epidermis

outer layer of the skin

sebaceous gland

oil-producing gland in the skin

dermis

middle layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, connective tissue, blood vessels, and glands

subcutaneous tissue

innermost layer of the skin, composed of fatty tissue

sweat gland

gland in the skin that produces a watery, salt-containing fluid

retina

layer of sensitive cells (rods and cones) at the back of the eye

conjunctiva

thin, protective membrane over the front of the eye

pupil

black center of the eye through which light enters

lens

transparent structure behind the pupil that bends light rays so that they focus on the back of the eye

cornea

transparent layer over the front of the eye that bends light so that it is focused on the back of the eye

sclera

white, outer coat of the eyeball

iris

colored, pigmented portion of the eye

eardrum

membrane that separates the outer and middle parts of the ear

auditory canal

passageway leading into the ear from the outside of the body

auditory nerve

nerve that carries messages from the inner ear to the brain

optic nerve

nerve at the back of the eye that transmits light waves to the brain

derm/o

skin

phak/o

lens of the eye

retin/o

posterior, sensitive cell layer of the eye

myring/o

eardrum

ophthalm/o

eye

ungu/o

nail

pil/o

hair

ocular

pertaining to the eye

otitis

inflammation of the ear

subcutaneous

pertaining to under the skin

myringotomy

incision of the eardrum

aphakia

absence of the lens of the eye

epidermis

outer layer of the skin

retinopathy

disease of the rod and cone layer of eye (sensitive cells at the back of the eye)

ophthalmoscope

instrument to visually examine the eye

tympanoplasty

surgical repair of the eardrum

subungual

pertaining to under the nail

melanoma

malignant tumor of pigmented cells in the skin

glaucoma

increase in pressure within the chamber at the front of the eye

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelid

tinnitus

abnormal noise (ringing, buzzing) or sound in ears

cataract

clouding of the lens of the eye causing impairment of vision

nevus

pigmented lesion on the skin; mole

alopecia

absence of hair from areas where it normally grows

skin biopsy

skin lesions are removed and sent to pathology laboratory for microscopic examination

slit-lamp microscopy

microscopic examination of the anterior eye structures, such as the cornea, under intense light

tuning fork tests

a vibration source is placed in front of the opening of the ear to test air conduction of sound waves

fluorescein angiography

a dye is injected intravenously, and movement of blood through blood vessels in the back of the eye is observed with an ophthalmoscope

otoscopy

visual examination of the ear to the eardrum

allergy test

patch test; scratch test

bacterial and fungal tests

samples from skin lesions are examined to detect presence of microorganisms

ophthalmoscopy

visual examination of the interior of the eye

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