STNA Vocab Practice

77 terms by auge08

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I just started taking an STNA class, and there aren't any practice tests available for free, so I created this.

Alzheimer's

a common form of dementia of unknown cause, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability, and progressive loss of mental ability.

Abdominal thrusts

a series of rapid thrust the abdomen in an effort to clear the airway.

Ambulation

walking about or moving from place to place

Anxiety

a state of apprehension and psychic tension occurring in some forms of mental disorder

Aphasia

the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain

Arteries

a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heartto any part of the body.

Arthritis

acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or injury

Aseptic

Free of pathogenic microorganisms

Atrophy

wasting away of the body or of an organ orpart, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage.

Bacteria

Any of a large group of one celled organisms that lack a cell nucleus, reproduce by fission or by forming spores, and in some cases cause disease.

Bed rest

medical treatment involving a period of consistent (day and night) recumbence in bed. It is used as a treatment for an illness or medical condition, especially when prescribed or chosen rather than resulting from severe prostration or imminent death.

Biohazard

the potential danger, risk, or harm from exposure to such an agent or condition.

Blindness

the inability to see

Blood pressure

the pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels, varying in different parts of the body during different phases of contraction of the heart and under different conditions of health, exertion, etc.

Cardiac arrest

abrupt cessation of heartbeat.

Cardiovascular system

bodily system consisting of the heart, blood vessels, and blood that circulates blood throughout the body, delivers nutrients and other essential materials to cells, and removes waste products

Cataracts

a clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membrane that obstructs vision.

Nervous system

the system of nerves and nerve centers in human, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.

Vascular

relating to, or containing blood vessels.

Chronic

lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases

Congestive heart failure

a condition in which the heart fails to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissues, resulting in accumulation of blood returning to the heart from the veins, and often accompanied by distension of the ventricles, edema, and shortness of breath.

Contracture

An abnormal, often permanent shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, that results in distortion or deformity, especially of a joint of the body.

Cyanotic

a bluish or purplish discoloration (as of skin) due to deficient oxygenation of the blood

Decubitus ulcer

a pressure-induced ulceration of the skin occurring in persons confined to bed for long periods of time. Also called a bedsore.

Diabetic

A person with any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.

Dialysis

the process by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.

Diastolic

Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatation (expansion).

Defecate

eliminating waste from the bowel

Dysphagia

swallowing difficulty

Dyspnea

difficult or labored breathing

Dysuria

painful urination

Edema

excess collection of fluids in tissue, also known as swelling

Emesis basin

basin for vomit

Emphysema

a chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs characterized by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs accompanied by destruction of the tissue lining the walls of the air spaces.

Fecal impaction

An immovable collection of compressed or hardened feces in the colon or rectum.

Foley catheter

an indwelling catheter used for draining urine from the bladder and having an inflatable part at the bladder end that allows the tube to be kept in place for variable time periods.

Fowler's position

An inclined position in which the head of the bed is raised to promote dependent drainage after an abdominal operation

Gait belt

a wide belt used to assist with ambulating, also known as a transfer belt

Gastronomy

an opening made to the stomach for feeding

Geriatrics

the branch of medicine concentrated on diseases and care of aged persons.

Gerontology

the branch of science that deals with aging and the problems of aged persons.

Hallucination

a false notion, belief, or impression; illusion; delusion

Hearing impaired

loss of hearing; deafness

Heimlich maneuver

first aid procedure when the airway is completely obstructed

Hypertension

blood pressure that is higher than normal

Ileostomy

the construction of an artificial opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall, permitting drainage of the contents of the small intestine

Incontinence

inability to control bladder and/or bowel functions

Indwelling catheter

a hollow tube left implanted in a body canal or organ, esp. the bladder, to promote drainage.

Infection

the invasion of disease-producing microorganisms

Multiple Sclerosis

a disease marked by patches of hardened tissue in the brain or the spinal cord and associated especially with partial or complete paralysis and jerking muscle tremor

Musculoskeletal system

the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form

Nasal cannula

a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help.

Ombudsmen

a person who investigates and attempts to resolve complaints and problems, as between employees and an employer or between students and a university, or a patient and his care provider

Osteoporosis

a condition where bones become brittle and fracture easily

Paralysis

permanent or temporary loss of voluntary movement

Paranoia

Extreme, irrational distrust of others.

Parkinson's disease

a disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination

Perineal care

cleansing of the rectal and genital areas

Personal hygiene

cleanliness and grooming

Postmortem

after death

Prosthesis

an artificial body part

Psychological needs

Self-actualization, self-esteem, love/belonging, safety, and physiological needs

Quadriplegia

paralysis of all four limbs

Radial pulse

heartbeat felt at the wrist

Reminiscing

recalling past experiences

Resuscitation

to revive from apparent death or from unconsciousness

Seizure

a disorder that may include convulsions

Scabies

a contagious skin disease caused by a parasitic mite (Sarcoptes scabiei) and characterized by intense itching.

Secretions

A substance, such as saliva, mucus, tears, bile, or a hormone, that is secreted.

Specimen

a sample of body material

Systolic

pressure the highest pressure, when the heart contracts

Tachycardia

A rapid heart rate, especially one above 100 beats per minute in an adult.

Tendons

a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew.

tympanic

relating to the middle ear or eardrum.

Urethral

the membranous tube that extends from the urinary bladder to the exterior and that in the male conveys semen as well as urine

Vomitus

vomited matter

White blood cells

colorless cells in the blood that help combat infection

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