CNA Definitions Chapter One - Ten

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The Role of the Nursing Assistant

Activities of Daily Living (ADL)

Common daily tasks such as dressing, eating, grooming, or bathing.

Ambulation

To walk upright position, or assist someone to walk.

CNA

A Certified Nursing Assistant who has successfully completed an approved certification training program including a written and / or manual skills test, and who has received a certificate by the state.

Compassion

Sorrow for the suffering of others with the desire to help.

Empathy

Ability to experience the felling and thoughts of another person.

Nursing Assistant

Member of the health care team who provides care to resident, meeting his or her physical, psychosocial and individual facility.

Policy

An official statement of what will and will not be done at a facility.

Procedure

An official statement of the steps to take to do something at a facility.

Psychosocial

Individual mental or emotional processes combined with ability to interact with others.

Nutrition

The science of foods and how they affect health.

OBRA (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act)

A federal act that focuses on giving quality care to older people in long term care facilities.

Outpatient

Care given to a patient who visits a facility for the care rather than staying at the facility.

Advance Directive (Living Will)

Instructions by a resident about what steps to take or not to take to extend life as the resident approaches death.

Assault

Physical violence or a threat to use violence against someone.

Battery

Actually using physical violence against someone.

Coercion

Use of force.

Discrimination

Act of treating someone unfairly based on age, sex, race, religion, or ethnic origin.

Ethnic Origin

Referring to a certain culture group such as race or national origin.

Elder Abuse

Abuse of an older person.

Informed Consent

Obtaining permission to preform a procedure on a resident, only after explaining all risks

Legal

According to the laws of community, state, and/ or nation.

Malpractice

Neglect or wrong treatment of a resident by licensed professional person.

ombudsman

A guardian who is assigned to look for the rights of others.

Reprisal

Injuring someone because he/she injured you.

Code of Ethics

An agreed upon set of moral principles or values.

Confidentiality

Not revealing information about residents except within the health care team

Libel

A false and damaging written statement.

Negligence

Failure to give proper care, resulting in physical or emotional harm to a resident.

Slander

A false and damaging spoken statement.

Abuse

Causing physical or emotional harm to someone in your care.

Active neglect

Failing to provide needed care on purpose.

Financial abuse

Taking money or possessions from those in your care.

Neglect

Failing to provide needed care.

Passive neglect

Failing to provide needed care, unintentionally.

Physical abuse

causing harm with a blow, a slap, or rough handling.

Psychological abuse

Causing emotional harm by humiliating, insulting, or isolate someone.

Prejudice

Preconceived, unreasonable judgment or opinion.

Stress

Tension and nervousness that build up in a person.

Chart

The chart contains the health care plan. the physician's order's, and all the health information on one particular resident. It is a legal document and must be maintained properly.

Chronological

Written in order in which the events occurred.

Documentation

Written information in the medical record.

Flow Sheet

A graphic chart that is commonly used long term care to record resident information over time.

Kardex

A card file kept at a convenient place that summarizes the nursing care plan for each resident.

Nursing Care Plan

The complete plan of care for each resident.

Objective Observation

Observation based on facts you can see.

Subjective Observation

Observation based on what you think.

Admission

Steps followed when a resident is first brought to the facility.

Baseline Assessment

First observation made on a new resident.

Center for Disease Control

The government agency responsible for preventing or fighting the outbreak of epidemic diseases.

Disaster

Any event that disrupts the normal activities of a community and causes casualties.

Triage

Screening a number of disaster victims to determine who has that most serve injuries and needs to be treated first.

Client

A person receiving nursing assistant care in his or her own home instead of a long term care facility.

Discharge

Steps followed when a resident is released from the facility.

Home Care

Care provided in a person's home.

Home Health Assistant

A nursing assistant who goes to the patient's home to provide care.

Transfer

Steps followed when a resident is moves to another unit. The move may be to another room inside your facility or to another building.

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