War between Britain and the Qing Empire that was, in the British view, occasioned by the Qing government's refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories. The victorious British imposed the one-sided Treaty of Nanking on China.
An exemption of foreign residents from the laws of a country, elevating imperial colonists above the law, in Hong Kong and 4 other Chinese port cities.
Treaty of Nanking
A treaty forced on China after losing the Opium War of 1839-1842, with Britain and China that gave the island of Hong Kong to Britain and opened 4 cities for trade
Rebellion (1850-1864) in Qing China led by Hong Xiuquan, during which 20 to 30 million people were killed; the rebellion was symbolic of the decline of China. Qing dynasty asked for foreign aid that cost the dynasty independence from foreigners.
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu
Sphere of Influence
An area in which a foreign nation had special trading privileges and made laws for its own citizens in a colony or imperial enclave.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
1900 - a secret Chinese society called the Boxers because their symbol was a fist revolted against foreigners in their midst and laid siege to foreign legislations in Beijing.
Dowager Empress's nephew; ruled in 1898 and reformed educational system, economy, military, and government; Dowager Empress returned to power and revoked all of the reforms
Person who had "stolen" control of the Qing Dynasty and led it to reform.