A physiological or anatomical defect that develops in fetal life as a result of environmental factors.
A compact substance -- undigested food, fecal material -- that occurs normally in the digestive tract.
Child life specialist
A trained professional who specializes in the psychosocial care of and communication with pediatric patients and their families.
A term that describes the communicating passageways between the nasal fossae and the pharynx.
Narrowing of the passageway of a blood vessel, such as coarctation of the aorta, a congenital condition.
A normal fetal structure that allows blood to bypass circulation to the lungs. If this structure remains open after birth, it is called a patent ductus arteriosus.
An infant size bed and transport unit that is environmentally controlled and equipped with monitoring devices.
A psychological process in which a person attributes intention and will to inanimate objects. Magical thinking may also describe a patient's belief that an event will happen because he or she wills it or wishes it. This is a normal developmental stage of toddlers.
A chemical or other agent that causes permanent change in the cell's genetic material.
Neural tube defect
A congenital abnormality resulting from failure of the neural tube to close in embryonic development.
A protrusion of abdominal contents through a congenital defect at the umbilicus. Congenital anomaly in which the abdominal viscera develop outside the body contained within a peritoneal sac.
Bronchial cleft cysts and clefts are
embryonic remnants or slits in the neck region that persist as cysts or fistulas after birth.
Pediatric patients do not act like adults for two reasons and they are:
Their physiological and psychological responses are different. They should not be treated adults.
Teratogenic agents that cross the placenta
Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes, Varicella-zoster, Syphilis
is when the baby's wrist is very fat and sometimes an incision has to be made in order to insert an IV.
Five developmental stages are:
Infants - birth to 18 months; Toddlers - 19 months to 3 years; Preschoolers - 3 to six years; School age - six to ten years; Adolescence - eleven to eighteen years.
Rapid sequence induction
is to prevent aspiration. Apply cricoid pressure. Especially important if you do not know if the patient had something to eat.
A telescoping of one portion of the intestine into another. Draws into itself. Sucks into itself. Reduced by hydrostatic pressure. Reduced by manual manipulation.