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gluten

An elastic substance formed from proteins present in wheat flours that gives structure and strength to bake goods

A. Boulanger

An eighteenth-century Parisian credited with starting the first restaurant

cuisinier

A cook, the head of a kitchen

rotisseur

Roast cook or meat cook

patissier

A pastry chef

chef de cuisine

The head of the kitchen

Marie-Antoine Careme

(1783-1833), often called the father of French cuisine, was one of the most prolific food writers of the 19th century. He was abandoned in Paris at the age of 8 and began working as a kitchen boy in a Parisian steakhouse. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to Sylvain Bailly, a famous patissier in Paris.

roller milling

A process of milling wheat into flour that involves repeatedly cracking and sifting the grain

George-August Escoffier

(1846 - 1935) A French chef, restaurateur and culinary writer who popularized and updated traditional French cooking methods. He is a legendary figure among chefs and gourmets, and was one of the most important leaders in the development of modern French cuisine. Escoffier's achievement was to simplify and modernize Carême's elaborate and ornate style

nouvelle cuisine

Important cooking style of the 1960s and 1970s, known for lighter flavors and elaborate plating styles

fusion cuisine

The use of techniques and ingredients from more than one regional cuisine in a single dish

saucier

The station chefwho prepares and stews and sautes foods to order

poissonier

The station chef in charge of fish preparation

chef garde manger

Pantry chef

sous chef

The station chef who assists the executive chef and is directly in charge of the cooking during production

boulanger

The bread maker, who prepares breads and othe yeast goods, including such breakfast items as brioche, croissants, and Danish pastry

confiseur

A confectioner, or candy maker

glacier

A chef whose speciality is ice cream

decorateur

A pastry chef who specializes or is skilled in decorative work, such as showpieces, sugar work, and fancy cakes

head baker

The professional in charge of staff and production in a bakery

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