Study of the origins, nature, properties, and effects of drugs on the living organism.
The name a pharmaceutical company chooses as the trademark or market name for its drug. Also called proprietary or trade name.
The name for a drug based on its chemical formula or molecular structure.
The recognized and accepted official name for a drug. Each drug has only one generic name. This name is not subject to trademark, so any pharmaceutical manufacturer may use it. Also called nonproprietary name.
The recognized and accepted official name for a drug. Each drug has only one generic name, which is not subject to trademark, so any pharmaceutical manufacturer may use it. Also called generic name.
Related to medications or pharmacies.
pharmacist (RPh or PharmD)
Receives drug requests made by physicians, and gathers pertinent information that would affect the dispensing of certain drugs, reviews patients' medications for drug interactions, provides health care workers with information regarding drugs, and educates the public.
The name a pharmaceutical company chooses as the trademark or market name for its drug. Also called brand or trade name.
A pharmaceutical company's brand name for a drug.
Drugs that have a potential for being addictive (habit forming) or can be abused.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
The government agency that enforces regulation of controlled substances.
Drugs that are accessible in drugstores without a prescription. Also called nonprescription drugs.
A written explanation to the pharmacist regarding the name of the medication, the dosage, and the times of administration.
A drug that can only be ordered by a licensed physician, dentist, or veterinarian.
Drugs inhaled directly into the nose and mouth.
Drugs that are placed under the lip or between the cheek and gum.
Placed directly into the ear canal for the purpose of relieving pain or treating infection.
Placed into the eye to control eye pressure in glaucoma. Also used during eye examinations to dilate the pupil of the eye for better examination of the interior of the eye.
To breathe air into the lungs. Also called inspiration.
Pertaining to the mouth.
A route for introducing medication other than through the gastrointestinal tract; most commonly involves injection into the body through a needle and syringe.
Introduced directly into the rectal cavity in the form of suppositories or solution. Drugs may have to be administered by this route if the patient is unable to take them by mouth due to nausea, vomiting, and surgery.
Pertaining to under the tongue.
A method for administering medication by placing it in a substance that will melt after being placed in a body cavity, usually rectally, and release the medication.
Applied directly to the skin or mucous membranes. They are distributed in ointment, cream, or lotion form. Used to treat skin infections and eruptions.
Route of drug administration; medication coats the underside of a patch that is applied to the skin. The medication is then absorbed across the skin.
Tablets and suppositories inserted vaginally and used to treat vaginal yeast infections and other irritations.
Injection into a body cavity such as the peritoneal and chest cavity.
Pertaining to within the skin.
Pertaining to within the muscle.
Injection into the meninges space surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Injection into the veins. This route can be set up so that there is a continuous administration of medication.
Pertaining to under the skin.
Acquired dependence on a drug.
The sum of the action of two (or more) drugs given in this case, the total strength of the medications is equal to the sum of the strength of each individual drug.
Substance that will neutralize poisons or their side effects.
Ability of a drug to be effective against a wide range of microorganisms.
Condition in which a particular drug should not be used.
Action that occurs in the body when a drug is allowed to accumulate or stay in the body.
Occurs when the effect of one drug is altered because it was taken at the same time as another drug.
Decrease in susceptibility to a drug after continued use of the drug.
Development of an emotional dependence on a drug due to repeated use.
Usually an unfavorable response that results from taking a medication.
Unusual or abnormal response to a drug or food.
Inactive, harmless substance used to satisfy a patient's desire for medication. It is also given to control groups of patients in research studies in which another group receives a drug. The effect of the placebo versus the drug is then observed.
Giving a patient a second drug to boost (potentiate) the effect of another drug; the total strength of the drugs is greater than the sum of the strength of the individual drugs.
Prevention of disease. For example, an antibiotic can be used to prevent the occurrence of a disease.
Response to a drug other than the effect desired.
Development of a capacity for withstanding a large amount of a substance, such as foods, drugs, or poison, without any adverse effect. A decreased sensitivity to further doses will develop.
Extent or degree to which a substance is poisonous.
Drug dosage system that provides prepackaged, prelabeled, individual medications that are ready for immediate use by the patient.