solutions made with alcohol or alcohol with water. Ingredients make up 10 20 % of the solution. Very potent drugs
alcohol extracts from plant sources. The most concentrated and potent of all liquid preparation
solutions of alcohol and water containing 10% to 20% of a drug. Added ingredient to make them sweet and pleasant smelling
alcohol solutions of volatile oils or oils that evaporate
heavy solutions of water and sugar, with flavoring to help disquise unpleasant taste and smell of the drug. May be as much as 85% sugar
suspensions of oil and fats in water with an emulsifying agent.
contains heavy particles mixed with water that forms a milky liquid. must be shaken
similar to magmas but contain finer particles
liquid suspensions for external application to the skin to relieve pain and swelling
suspension of drugs in a water base for external use. patted onto the skin rather than rubbed.
delivered by oral inhalers that allow for rapid absorption into the blood stream
drugs mixed with lanolin. applied to skin surfaces but may be placed into the eyes
semisolid preparations that are thicker and absorbed more slowly than ointments. used for skin protection
fine dry particles of drugs. may be dissolved in liquids or used as is depending on the physicians orders. internal and external uses
drug powders that have been pressed and molded into disks. swallowed with a drink of water.
gelatin sheath that contains one dose of medication. can be powder, an oil or liquid
identical to capsules but have consistency of a tablet
contain several doses of the drug. the doses have a special coating that dissolve at different rates so that the medicine is released into the stomach gradually
tablets and capsules with a special coating that keeps them from dissolving in the acid secreations of the stomach. They dissolve in the intestines
troches and lozenges
tablets designed to dissolve in the mouth rather than be swallowed.
drugs mixed with a firm base, such as cocoa butter, that melts at body temp. inserted vaginally or rectally