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Albuminuria

abnormal amounts of protein in the urine

Amenorrhea

absence of menstrual flow

Amylase

Enzyme that breaks down carbs in the mouth by salivary glands and pancreas

Bacteriuria

Abnormal amounts of bacteria in urine

Balanitis

Inflammation/infection of glans penis

Balanoplasty

Surgical repair of glans penis

Bile

substance that breaks down fats. - comprised of cholesterol and bile and bile salts- Secreted by liver and GB- Stored in GB

Bowmans capsule

capsule surrounding glomerulus- Funnels waste products on to renal tubule

BPH

Benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia - Enlargement of prostate- Non malignant

Chadwicks sign

Bluish violet hue of cervix and vagina-after approximately

Calyx

Single calyce; cup-like structure at base of renal pyramid that funnals urine to renal pelvis

Candida Albicans

vaginal yeast infection are usually caused by candida albicans

Carcinoma of the testes

cancer of testicles

Chalmydia

STD that can be asymptomatic in women - it will lead to salpingitis in women if left untreated and possible infertility

Chancre

a skin lesion - usually of primary syphilis that begins at the site of infection as a small raised ared and develops into a red, painless ulcer with a scooped-out appearance

Chyme

what bolus becomes when HCL is introduced to it in stomach - watery substance

Colostrum

thin, yellowish fluid - secreted by the nipple during pregnancy - before lactation begins

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and cervix using an insterment with lighted binocular microscope for direct examination of the surfaces of the vagina and cervix

Convoluted tubles ( 3 parts)

Proximal, loop of henley, and distal tubule - Reabsorption, secretion and urine formation takes place here

Contraction Stress Test

AKA oxytocin challegen test

Corpus Luteum

A mass of yellowish tissue that forms in the rutured ovulation

Cryptorchidism

hidden/ undescended testicles

C-Section

surgical procedure in which the abdomen and uterus and incised and a baby is delivered transabdominally

Cystoscopy

Visualizing the urinary bladder with a lighted scope

Defecation

the actof expelling feces from the anus

Deglutition

swallowing

Dysmenorrhea

painful menstruation

Dysuria

painful urination

Eclampsia

The most severe type of hypertension during pregnancy - Evidenced by seizures

Effacement

Thinning of the cervix prior to delievery

Fertilization

Union of male sperm and female ovum

Fimbriae

finger-like ends of fallopian tubes

fundus of the uterus

the dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus - between the points of insertion of fallopian tubes

Gallbladder

stores bile

Genital Herpes

STD - is not cured aftr using a prescription

Glans Penis

Head of penis

Genital Warts

AKA Condylomata and Venereal warts

Glomerulus

Ball-shaped bundle of capillaries of nephron

Glycosuria

Abnormal amounts of sugar in urine

Gonads

gamete- producing glands
ovaries and testies

Goodell's sign

softing of the cervix

hematuria

abnormal amounts of blood in urine

HVP= Human Papillomavirus

genital warts are usually caused by exposure to this virus

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

abnormal condition of pergnancy - Characterized by severe vomiting that results in maternal ehydration and weight loss

Hysterosalpingography

Radiography of the uterus and oviducts after injection of a contrast medium

Ketonuria

abnormal amounts of ketone in the urine

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder; x-rays of these structures

Lipase

enzyme that breaks down fats - seceted in mouth by salivary glands and pancreas

Malodorous

foul oder, having a bad odor

Mastication

chewing

Medulla

middle portion of kidney or organ

Melena

abnormal - tarry black stool - from digested blood

Menopause

the permanent cessation of the menstrual cycle due to noemal aging process

Menorrhagie

abnormally long or heavy menstrual periods

Micturition

urination

Nephrolithiasis

kidney stones - condition of developing stones

Nephron

Functioning microscopic unit of the kidney; does all the work

Nocturia

urination more than normal at night

Oligomenorrhea

abnormal light or infrequent menstruation

Oarl Luekoplakia

precancerous condition in mouth

Orchitis

inflammation of testicles infection of same

Pap smear

detects cervical cancer

Pharynx

AKA throat - adjoins the oral cavity - has three sections

Phimosis

thightening of forskin so it can't be retracted

Pregnancy testing

testing performed on maternal blood or urine - to determine presence of homone HCG

Primipara

women who has give brith for the first tin=me after 20 wks of gestation

Protozoal

trichomoniasis is a protozoal infection

Pyelonephritis

inflammation of kidney - kidney infection

Quickening

the first feeling of movement of the fetus by the expecting mother - occuring around 18 - 20 wks

Renal column

tissue in between pyramids

Renal Cortex

outer portion of organ/kidney

Renal Pelvis

collecting bowl for urine in the center of the kidney. All calyces flow into the renal pelvis

renal pyramid

fan folded tissues in shapes of triangles/pyramids located in medulla

Residual urine

urine left over in the bladder after voiding

Small intestine (3 parts)

Duodenum-jejunum-ileum

Steatorrhea

greater than normal amounts of fat in feces

Syphilis

has three stages - primary is considered treatable and curable

Testosterone

the male hormone

Thrush

yeast infection found in the mouth

Urgency

needed to void immediately

urinary incontinence

the inability to control urination

ureters

muscual tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder

urethra

tubes leading from the bladder to the outside of body

Urine PH

acid/base - normal range between 4.5-8.0

uterus (3 layers)

Endometrium - Myometrium - perimetrium

Glomerular filtration

process when BP forces waste products out of blood/capillaries in glomerulus and is captured by bowmens capsule

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