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ISTQB Glossary Terms Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. unit
  2. control flow path
  3. quality assurance
  4. fault
  5. boundary value analysis
  1. a See path. A sequence of events, e.g. executable statements, of a component or system from an entry point to an exit point.
  2. b See component. A minimal software item that can be tested in isolation.
  3. c A black box test design technique in which test cases are designed based on boundary values. See also boundary value. An input value or output value which is on the edge of an equivalence partition or at the smallest incremental distance on either side of an edge, for example the minimum or maximum value of a range.
  4. d See defect. A flaw in a component or system that can cause the component or system to fail to perform its required function, e.g. an incorrect statement or data definition. A defect, if encountered during execution, may cause a failure of the component or system.
  5. e Part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled. [ISO 9000]

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The process through which decisions are reached and protective measures are implemented for reducing risks to, or maintaining risks within, specified levels.
  2. Execution of the test process against a single identifiable release of the test object.
  3. Attributes of software products that bear on its ability to prevent unauthorized access, whether accidental or deliberate, to programs and data. [ISO 9126] See also functionality. The capability of the software product to provide functions which meet stated and implied needs when the software is used under specified conditions. [ISO 9126]
  4. See statement. An entity in a programming language, which is typically the smallest indivisible unit of execution.
  5. The process of identifying risks using techniques such as brainstorming, checklists and failure history.

5 True/False Questions

  1. incident reportA document reporting on any event that occurred, e.g. during the testing, which requires investigation. [After IEEE 829]


  2. coverage measurement toolA scale that constrains the type of data analysis that can be performed on it. [ISO 14598]


  3. preconditionA logical expression that can be evaluated as True or False, e.g. A>B. See also test condition. An item or event of a component or system that could be verified by one or more test cases, e.g. a function, transaction, feature, quality attribute, or structural element.


  4. certificationConfirmation by examination and through provision of objective evidence that specified requirements have been fulfilled. [ISO 9000]


  5. portability testingThe process of testing to determine the portability of a software product.


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