Removal of a gland.
Removal of an adrenal gland.
Secretion from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex ACTH.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulates salt and water balance.
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; promotes water reabsorption by the kidney.
Hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla; epinephrine (adrenaline) is an example.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; cortisol and aldosterone are examples.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulates the use of sugars, fats, and proteins in cells. Cortisol raises blood sugar.
Substance that, in solution, carries an electric charge; examples are sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca++) and chloride (Cl-).
Medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine gland disorders.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure.
Estrogen secreted by the ovaries.
Female hormone secreted by the ovaries and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex in both males and females.
Pertaining to the producing of female characteristics or having the same effect as estrogen.
Normal functioning of the thyroid gland.
Fasting blood sugar
Measures circulating glucose level in a patient who has fasted at least 4 hours. This test can diagnose diabetes mellitus.
Secretion of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland;
stimulates ovarian follicles to produce egg cells.
Hormone secreted by the pancreas (alpha islet cells); increases blood glucose (sugar) by conversion of glycogen to glucose.
Steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; cortisol is an example. It raises blood sugar.
Animal starch; glycogen is broken down (glycogenolysis) to produce sugar (glucose).
Sugar in urine.
Hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland and acting on the ovaries or testes.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; somatotropin. It stimulates the growth of bones and soft tissues.
Tendency in an organism to return to a state of constancy and stability.
Pertaining to a hormone.
Chemical secreted by an endocrine gland.
High levels of calcium in the bloodstream; often due to hyperparathyroidism.
High levels of calcium in urine.
Increased secretion of thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland.
Low levels of calcium in the blood.
Low levels of sugar in the blood.
Deficient functioning of the gonads (ovaries or testes).
Deficient production of insulin (pancreatic hormone).
Removal of the pituitary gland.
Deficient secretion of hormones from the pituitary gland.
Region of the brain lying below the thalamus, but above the pituitary gland. It stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete and release hormones.
Hormone secreted by the beta islet cells of the pancreas. Insulin helps sugar leave the blood and enter cells.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates the ovaries to release eggs (ovulation) and produce hormones.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulates salts (electrolytes) and water balance in the body. Aldosterone is an example.
Posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; secretes oxytocin and vasopressin.
Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases blood pressure as part of the fight or flight reaction. It is a sympathomimetic.
Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates contractions of the uterus during childbirth.
Endocrine (islet cells) and exocrine (enzyme producing cells) gland behind the stomach.
Secreted by the parathyroid glands; regulates calcium in the blood.
Removal of parathyroid glands.
Small endocrine gland in the center of the brain; secretes melatonin.
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain; anterior and posterior lobes secrete hormones.
Hormone secreted by the ovaries; prepares the uterus for pregnancy.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; promotes milk secretion.
Cellular or nuclear protein that binds to a hormone to elicit a response by the targeted tissue.
Cavity in the base of the skull; contains the pituitary gland.
Hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; growth hormone.
Complex substance related to fat (sterols; many hormones are steroids (estrogens, androgens, cortisol, aldosterone).
Pertaining to mimicking or copying the effect of the sympathetic nervous system; adrenaline and norepinephrine are sympathomimetic hormones.
Cells of an organ that are affected or stimulated by specific hormones.
Hormone secreted by the testes.
Hormone secreted by the thyroid gland that increases body metabolism; thyroxine (T4).
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete its hormones. Also called thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH.
Hormone secreted by the thyroid gland (contains three atoms of iodine); stimulates body metabolism; T3.
Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb water. Also called antidiuretic hormone or ADH.
Hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex; decreased secretion of aldosterone and cortisol.
Excessive secretion of adrenal androgens.
Hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood leading to a lack of normal physical and mental growth.
Group of symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex; obesity, hyperglycemia, excess fat deposition in the body. High levels of exogenous cortisol (cortisone administration) can produce similar results.
Insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin); signs are polyuria and polydipsia.
Lack of insulin secretion (Type 1) or improper utilization of insulin by cells (Type 2) leading to a chronic disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism in cells.
Congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to lack of iodine in the diet.
Protrusion of the eyeball (proptosis); symptom of hyperthyroidism.
Loss of motility of the stomach muscles, occurring as a long-term secondary complication of diabetes mellitus.
Hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland before puberty, leading to abnormal overgrowth of body tissues.
Glucose tolerance test
Measures the glucose levels in a blood sample taken at various intervals from a patient who has previously ingested glucose.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Hyperfunctioning of the thyroid gland; thyrotoxicosis. This is the most common type o fhyperthyroidism.
Increased secretion of insulin from the beta islet cells of the pancreas.
Increased secretion of parathormone from the parathyroid glands.
Decreased secretion of parathormone from the parathyroid glands.
Decreased secretion of thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland.
High levels of acids (ketones) in the blood; occurring in diabetes mellitus (type 2) when cells burn high levels of fats (producing ketones) because sugar is not available as fuel.
Hypofunctioning of the thyroid gland in adults.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to growth of nodules (adenomas) on the thyroid gland.
Deficiency of all pituitary gland hormones.
Tumor of cells of the adrenal medulla; cells stain a dark (phe/o) or dusky color (chrom/o).
Radioactive iodine uptake
Test to measure the amount of radioactive iodine taken up by the thyroid gland; indicator of thyroid gland function.
Syndrome of inappropriate ADH
Excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH, vasopressin) leading to water retention.
Constant muscle contractions; associated with hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism.
Malignant tumor of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid function tests
Measurement of thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and thyroid-stimulating hormone in the bloodstream.
Administration of a radioactive compound and visualization of the thyroid gland with a scanning device.
Hyperthyroidism (overactivity of the thyroid gland).
what is the function of the thyroid gland
whait is another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
which hormone is secreated by the pancreas
which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and bones
what is an example of electrolyte
what is an element that is present in thyroxine
what is the hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex
secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
term for excessive development of mammary tissue in a male
Kal/i is a combining form for which substance
insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis
post-puberty hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland
exophthalmos is a symptom of which endocrine disorder
natr/o is a combining form for which substance
type 1 diabetes
little or no insulin produced
secondary complications of diabetes
which of the following is associated with neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy
defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth
administrative of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules
insulin is secreted by which organ
epinephrine is secreted by which organ
anterior pituitary gland
follical-stimulating hormone is secreted by which hormone
thyroxine is secreted by which organ
posterior pituitary gland
vasopressin is secreted by which organ
anterior pituitary gland
growth hormone is secreted by which organ
abnormal condition (hypersecretion) of the thyroid gland
hyper, pituitary gland
acromegaly is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ
cretinism is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ
a mineral salt found in the blood and tissue; potassium is an example
hormone secreted by the thyroid gland; lowers blood calcium
resection of a gland near and behind the stomach
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor
sugar present in the urine
tendency of an organism to maitain a constant internal environment
blood condition of deficient sodium
type of hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; necessary for the use of sugars, fats, and proteins
resection of four small glands in the neck region
blood condition of deficient potassium
condition of sugar in the blood
radio immuno essay
test that measures hormone levels in plasma
glucose tolerance test
test that measures levels of sugar in the blood
radioactive compound is given and localized in the thyroid gland
enlargment of extremities caused by excessive growth hormone after puberty
malignant tissue of an endocrine gland in the neck
extreme hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood produces this condition
advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood produces this condition
enlargment and bulging of the eyeballs caused by hyperthyroidism
excessive hair on the face and body of adult women
benign tumor of the adrenal medulla
lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin to promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism in cells
disease condition due to malfunction of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
disease condition due to malfunction of cells in pancreas
deficient amount of potassium in the blood
deficient sodium in the blood
disease condition of adrenal gland
located behind the stomch; alpha beta islet cells secrete hormones
outer section of a gland above each kidney; secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones
located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg cell production and estrogen secretion
four small glands on the posterior side of the thyroid gland
secreted by the thyroid gland; increases metabolism in cells;T4
posterior side of the thyroid gland
inner section o(medulla) of each adrenal gland: located above each kidney; secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
2 glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male; responsible for sperm production and testosterone secretion
located in the neck on either side of the trachea; secretes thyroxine
lower abdomen of a female
below the brain in the sella turcica
posterior pituitary gland (neurohypophysis)
secreted by the adrenal cortex; increases salt (sodium) reabsorption
anterior pituitary gland; these hormones are FSH and LH
posterior pituitary gland
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis);ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex
anterior pituitary gland
somatotropin (growth hormone)
promotes growth and maintenance of male sex characteristics
stimulates water reabsorption by kidney tubules; decreases urine output
raises blood calcium
stimulates secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex
increases blood sugar
helps transport glucose to cells; decreases blood sugar
develops and maintains female sex characteristics
abnormal condition (poison) of the thyroid gland
removal of the pancrease
condition of deficiency or underdevelopment of the sex organs
pertaining to producing female characteristics
deficiency of calcium in the blood
inflammation of the thyroid gland
condition of excessive thirst
excessive potassium in the blood
condition of increased secretion from the thyroid gland
condition of excessive ketones (acids) in the blood as a result of diabetes mellitus
complex substances derived from cholesterol; hormones from the adrenal cortex and sex hormones are steroids
complex substances derived from an amino acid; epinephrine(adrenalin) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline) are examplex
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
continuous contractions of muscles associated with low levels of parathyroid hormone
steroid hormones from the adrenal cortex (outer region of the adrenal gland) that influences salt (minerals such as sodium and potassium) metabolism
steroid hormone from the adrenal cortex that influences sugar metabolism in the body
animal starch; storage form of glucose
male hormone secreted by the testes and to a lasser extentMale hormone responsible for developing and maintaining male secondary sex characteristics. by the adrenal cortex; testosterone is an example,
hormone from the posterior lobe of the pituitary that stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor
major hormone from the thyroid gland; thyroxine (contains 4 iodine atoms)
abnormal secretion of androgens from the adrenal cortex produces masculine characteristics in a female
cancerous tumor of the thyroid gland
excessive hair on the body(result of excessive secretion of androgens)
destruction of the beta islets of Langerhans; insulin is not produced (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM)
destruction of nerves as a secondary complication of diabetes mellitus
abnormal condition of high levels of ketones (acids) in the blood as a result of improper burning of fat acids; fats are burned because the cells do not have sugar available as a result of lack of insulin or inability of insulin to act
too little sugar in the blood; this can occur if too much insulin is taken by a diabetic patient
insulin deficiency and resistance by target tissue to the action of insulin; (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM)
destruction of blood vessels in the retina as a secondary complication of diabetes mellitus
unconsciousness caused by high lavels of sugar in the blood; water leaves cells to balance the large amounts of sugare int he blood, leading to cellular dehydration
collection of fatty plaque in arteries
high level of sugar in the blood; insulin is unavailable or unable to transport sugar from the blood into cells
decreased gastric motility (-paresis means slight paralysis); secondary complication to diabetes
hypoglycemic shock caused by an overdose of insulin, decreased intake of food, or excessive exercise
a radioactive compound is given, and the thyroid gland is imaged using a scanning device
fasting plasma glucose
measurement of blood sugare levels in a fasting patient (at leaset 4 hours) and after intervals of 30 minutes and 1,2, and 3 hours after ingestion of glucose
measurement of eyeball protrusion (symptom of graves disease)
located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg production and estrogen and progesterone secretion
4 small glands on the posterior of the thyroid gland. Some people may have 3 or 5 parathyroid glands
pituitary gland (hypophysis)
located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica; composed of an anterior lobe (adenphypophysis) and a posterior lobe (neurohypophysis). It weighs only 1/16 of an ounce and is a half inch
secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure
antidiuretic hormone ADH
secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland (neurohypophysis)