The attitudes that individuals hold about political issues and personalities tend to be shaped by their beliefs and values.The process through which these political beliefs and values are formed is called political socialization.No nation or democracy could survive if its citizens didn't share some fundamental beliefs. These beliefs help explain how and why socialization is important.4 agents of socialization= family, membership in social groups, education, and prevailing political conditions( explanations for each are found on pgs. 144-147)
what are the 4 agents of socialization?
family, membership in social groups, education, and prevailing political conditions
-This is when a president, as the framers intended, acts outside the law to save the nation by claiming to powers not specifically in the constitution or granted by congress.
-Roosevelt said that what's necessary to the nation cant be done by the president when its authorized or not in the constitution, so the President has the power to do anything that is not forbidden in the constitution.
-This is the conservative view that the president is limited to only what's in the constitution. There are non institutional and systematic check that we the people have that can be made on congress and the president, which is our divided government.( which creates gridlock) This definitely limits the presidents power the most.
This is one of the 4 selective benefits of group membership that emphasizes the purpose or accomplishments of the group, such as a religion group. This group represents no material benefits. The groups success and growth depends on how deep the religious beliefs are of its members
Public opinion: influences politics with intensity of opinion, opinion stability and fluidity, political knowledge, the role of the leaders in manipulating opinion, and the role of private groups attempting to alter opinion. (explanations of each on pg. 149-153)
politicians and public officials use public opinion polls, which are scientific instruments for measuring public opinion. They use this to decide whether they should run for office, what policies to support, how to vote on important legislation, and what type of appeals to make in their campaign.
These are public opinion surveys that are very accurate if done properly. The population of interested pollsters is too big, so first they choose a sample of the total population, meaning that a small group is selected by researchers to represent the most important things of an entire population. One type is random sampling. 2 techniques are probability and random digit dialing.