Advanced Trauma Life Support ATLS
A program established by the American College of Surgeons for protocols and training in trauma medicine.
Treatment pathways established to allow systematic and consistent methods of medical and surgical management.
Condition in which the body's normal blood clotting mechanism ceases to function, characteristic in severe multi-trauma.
Increased pressure in any compartment of the body such as the cranium, abdominal cavity, or a limb caused by trauma.
Damage control surgery
Surgery whose objective is to stop hemorrhage and prevent sepsis without attempting reconstruction or anatomical continuity.
Evidence based diagnosis of a medical problem using normal investigative procedures such as imaging studies.
A planned surgical procedure, usually with specific objectives for reconstruction or restoring continuity of anatomical structures.
Rib fracture in at least three adjacent ribs in two locations each. This condition requires immediate surgery.
Focused assessment with ultrasound for trauma -- FAST
A protocol of ATLS in which ultrasound is used in a focused area to diagnose severe trauma.
A potentially lethal physiological condition occurring in shock, characterized by abnormally low blood pH.
Tissue damage that occurs when an object enters the body through the skin, or the body is propelled against an object, breaking the skin.
Injury that results in air in the pleural space causing displacement or collapse of the respiratory structures.
In trauma medicine, the process of restoring physiological balance following severe trauma.
If an emergency patient has come straight from the
ER, the patient expresses a belief of imminent death. Be sure to tell the surgeon because quite often it is true.
Increased vascular resistance. Nearly all cvritical trauma patients are hypothermic. Returning to normal and maintaining patient core temperature.
Hormone release increases cardiac output. Blood pressure may remain within normal limits. Can dilute the circulating blood.
Lower than normal blood pH is the condition known as metabolic. Without a circulatory system or other normal physiological process to rid the body of metabolic waste, serum lactate levels rise. Lack of oxygen to muscles and abdominal organs. SHIFT FROM AEROBIC TO ANAEROBIC METABOLISM.