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Body planes, directions, and body cavities

Medial/midsagittal

divides in right & left halves

Parasagittal

divides in right & left halves, but not even halves

Frontal/coronal

divides person in front & back

Transverse

divides in bottom & top halves

Superior

towards the head, above

inferior

towards the feet, below

anterior

towards front of body

posterior

towards back of body

medial

midline of body

lateral

away from the midline

Proximal

closer to point of attachment

distal

further from point of attachment

superficial

closer to surface of skin

deep

further from surface of skin

Prone

laying face down

supine

laying face up

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