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Niacin is necessary to prevent the Disease

Pellagra

In the Body 99% of calcium is found in

Bones and teeth

Water constitutes___% of body weight

50-70%

A major mineral associated with increased blood pressure is

sodium

A food that provides all the essential amino acids is

Egg

A saturated fatty acid contains

no double bonds

The childhood disease rickets is due to a deficiency of

vitamin D

Pancreatic lipase digest:

lipids

The protein that inactivates foreign bacteria and viruses is:

antibodies

All adults should drink__cups of water a day

6-8

After fats are absorbed in the small intestine, they are transported via what system?

Lymphatic

the daily amount of protein need for nearly all adults is__ grams per gram of fat

0.8

A desirable total serum cholinesterase level is than__ milligrams per deciliter

200

What is meant by the amino acid sequence of a protein?

order of appearance of amino acids in the peptide chain

In which form are most dietary lipids formed?

triglycerides

what food has contains rich supply of omega-3s fatty acids?

salmon

the nutrient essential for synthesis of blood clotting factors is:

vitamin K

the chemical element found in all amino acids but not found in either carbs or fats is:

Nitrogen

what disease is cause by thiamin deficiency?

Beriberi

Mineral are classified in the following way:

Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less

If a fat contains mostly saturated fatty acids, its likely to be:

solid at room temp

which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in stick margarine and vegetable shortening?

when consumed, they can lower good cholesterol (HDL) which is an undesirable effect

An essential amino acid:

cannon be synthesized in sufficient quantity to meet body needs

A major mineral associated with decreased blood pressure is

Potassium

The basic building block of protein is called an

amino acid

What is the lipoprotein responsible for picking up "bad cholesterol" from the blood, so it can be transported back to the liver for excretion?

High-density lipoprotien (HDL)

Oilve oil contains abundant amounts of what type of fatty acid, considered to be "heart healthy"?

Monounsatuated

A hereditary condition caused by an incorrect amino acid in the amino acid sequence of a protein chain is:

Sickle cell anemia

Cooking an egg alters its appearance by changing its three dimensional folding arrangement, called:

denaturation

Vitamin E functions primarily as an

Antioxidant

what is true about fat-soluble vitamins?

like fats they are first transported through the lymphatic system

generally food folate sources are:

Green leafy vegetables

What is true about a mineral (such as Iron) absorption?

Minerals from animal products are better absorbed than those from plants

Basal Metabolism is:

Minimal energy used by the body to sustain itself, while resting and awake

During pregnancy a woman should focus on consuming

nutrient dense foods

Positive energy balance is when:

Energy intake is great than energy expended

When individuals loose weight quickly, most of the weight lost at the very beginning is from loss of

water

During the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, a normal pregnancy weight woman should gain an average of :

0.75-1 pound per week

which activity would carb loading be warranted?

triathalon

In order for a weight loss program to be healthy and successful...

the daily food guide pyramid should be followed

a major benefit of breastfeeding is:

It is tailor made fir infants, meeting nutrient need.

as one finds his or her weight loss slowing during a weight control program, the best practice is:

to increase physical activity

a negative engender balance is when

energy intake is less than energy expended

On of the healthy people 2010 objectives is to:

"double the proportion of adults engaging regularly in physical activity, preferably daily, in moderate physical activity for at least 30 min per day

Android obesity is associated with higher incidence of heart disease and is the type of obesity where fat deposits:

in the upper body called "apple shape"

If an athlete is too fat and is told to change his diet, what is the best weight loss approach?

A moderate decrease in calories, decreasing intake by 200 to 500 calories per day

for every pound lost during a work out__cups of water should be consumed after exercise to replenish the body

3

a physically active lifestyle may delay the onset and treat all the following except

Liver cancer

to help maintain adequate glycogen stores, an endurance athlete shout eat:

complex carbs such as pasta and bread

the professional triad for wight loss success includes:

physician, registered dietitian, exercise psychologist/therapist

what is the name of the high energy compound that cells use directly for fuel?

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

Joe loses 2 pound when working out, how much water should he drink for replenishment?

6 cups

what is true about the vitamin and mineral intake of athletes?

Most athletes tend to consume ample vitamins and minerals in their diet if they meet their kcalorie needs

The method for determining the energy content of food by measuring heat given off when it is burned in a chamber surrounded by water is called:

Bomb calorimetry

What is about protein intake for athletes

Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their increased protein needs due to their high volume of food intake

During an endurance event, such as a marathon, energy is derived from sources in the following order:

Phophocreatine, to anaerobic glucose use, to aerobic glucose use, to fat, to protein.

A disorder in which frequent secretive binging and purging occurs is called:

Bulimia

Most of the health problems in bulimia arise from

vomitting

A disorder in which self starvation occurs is called

Anorexia Nervosa

Inorder for the treatment of an eating disorder to be successful, the following treatment team should be in place:

Psychologist, physician, nutritionist

The profile of someone with anorexia nervosa typically includes:

Middle and upper socioeconomic class

The profile of someone with bulimia typically includes:

Impulsive

With any eating disorder, the best chance of full recovery happens when:

There is early intervention.

These protein substances enhance digestion by helping chemical reactions to take place

enzymes

the process that plants use to make glucose from Carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called:

photosynthesis

after digestion and absorption, which circulatory system carries fat and fat soluble vitamins before they enter the blood stream?

Lymphatic

which term best describes failing health that results from longstanding dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs?

Under nutrition

what is not a class of nutrient since it is not necessary for body function( even though it provides calories)?

Alchohol

Carbs contain__calories per gram

4

Most digestion and absorption takes place in the:

small intestine

the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water 1 degree Celsius is a

kcalorie

what principle promotes dietary balance?

consume a variety of foods from the five major food groups everyday

what is the function of mucus in the stomach?

Protects stomach cells from acidic gastric juices

what is a major source of lactose?

Milk

the major symptoms of lactose intolerance are:

Gas, abdominal pain, and distention

what statement best describes nutrient density?

consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcalories

which of the following is not a dietary guideline for Americans?

never drink alcohol

the Dietary Guidelines were issued in response to what?

concerns regarding disease patterns in the US and the fact that many of them are diet related.

Jeff is asked to recall what he has eaten in the past 5 days this called:

a diet history

Carb digestion (starch) begins in the

mouth with salivary amylase

what structure prevents food from entering the trachea (wind pipe) when you swallow?

Epiglottis

fibers belong to the class of nutrients known as

Carbs

measurements of height, weight, body circumference, and body fat are called:

Anthropometry

a decrease in bicarbonate in the small intestine could result in the formation of____ because without it the acids from the stomach would not be neutralized before entering there

an ulcer

Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer?

colon

all of the following are diet related caused of death in the US except:

Suicide

what is a major monosaccharide found in the body?

Glucose

which large vessel is the first to receive absorbed water soluble nutrients, transporting them to the liver

Portal vein

All of the following are monosaccharides (single sugars except:

Lactose

Where are the most digestive enzymes produced?

muscles and liver

Protein contains__calories per gram

4

According to the FoofdGuide Pyramid, how many servings from bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group should be consumed daily?

6-11

which of the following about the nutrient composition of the American diet is true?

Too much of our carbs come from simple sugar

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