What is meant by the amino acid sequence of a protein?
order of appearance of amino acids in the peptide chain
Mineral are classified in the following way:
Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less
which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in stick margarine and vegetable shortening?
when consumed, they can lower good cholesterol (HDL) which is an undesirable effect
What is the lipoprotein responsible for picking up "bad cholesterol" from the blood, so it can be transported back to the liver for excretion?
High-density lipoprotien (HDL)
Oilve oil contains abundant amounts of what type of fatty acid, considered to be "heart healthy"?
A hereditary condition caused by an incorrect amino acid in the amino acid sequence of a protein chain is:
Sickle cell anemia
Cooking an egg alters its appearance by changing its three dimensional folding arrangement, called:
what is true about fat-soluble vitamins?
like fats they are first transported through the lymphatic system
What is true about a mineral (such as Iron) absorption?
Minerals from animal products are better absorbed than those from plants
When individuals loose weight quickly, most of the weight lost at the very beginning is from loss of
During the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy, a normal pregnancy weight woman should gain an average of :
0.75-1 pound per week
In order for a weight loss program to be healthy and successful...
the daily food guide pyramid should be followed
as one finds his or her weight loss slowing during a weight control program, the best practice is:
to increase physical activity
On of the healthy people 2010 objectives is to:
"double the proportion of adults engaging regularly in physical activity, preferably daily, in moderate physical activity for at least 30 min per day
Android obesity is associated with higher incidence of heart disease and is the type of obesity where fat deposits:
in the upper body called "apple shape"
If an athlete is too fat and is told to change his diet, what is the best weight loss approach?
A moderate decrease in calories, decreasing intake by 200 to 500 calories per day
for every pound lost during a work out__cups of water should be consumed after exercise to replenish the body
to help maintain adequate glycogen stores, an endurance athlete shout eat:
complex carbs such as pasta and bread
the professional triad for wight loss success includes:
physician, registered dietitian, exercise psychologist/therapist
what is the name of the high energy compound that cells use directly for fuel?
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
what is true about the vitamin and mineral intake of athletes?
Most athletes tend to consume ample vitamins and minerals in their diet if they meet their kcalorie needs
The method for determining the energy content of food by measuring heat given off when it is burned in a chamber surrounded by water is called:
What is about protein intake for athletes
Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their increased protein needs due to their high volume of food intake
During an endurance event, such as a marathon, energy is derived from sources in the following order:
Phophocreatine, to anaerobic glucose use, to aerobic glucose use, to fat, to protein.
Inorder for the treatment of an eating disorder to be successful, the following treatment team should be in place:
Psychologist, physician, nutritionist
The profile of someone with anorexia nervosa typically includes:
Middle and upper socioeconomic class
With any eating disorder, the best chance of full recovery happens when:
There is early intervention.
the process that plants use to make glucose from Carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called:
after digestion and absorption, which circulatory system carries fat and fat soluble vitamins before they enter the blood stream?
which term best describes failing health that results from longstanding dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs?
what is not a class of nutrient since it is not necessary for body function( even though it provides calories)?
what principle promotes dietary balance?
consume a variety of foods from the five major food groups everyday
what statement best describes nutrient density?
consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcalories
the Dietary Guidelines were issued in response to what?
concerns regarding disease patterns in the US and the fact that many of them are diet related.
a decrease in bicarbonate in the small intestine could result in the formation of____ because without it the acids from the stomach would not be neutralized before entering there
which large vessel is the first to receive absorbed water soluble nutrients, transporting them to the liver
According to the FoofdGuide Pyramid, how many servings from bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group should be consumed daily?