a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists; something that is old-fashioned
a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification
a witty observation that contains a general truth about life, such as, "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."
a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play.
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel in non-rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for an echo effect
a long narrative poem or song narrating a single story, which is often tragic or violent, in short stanzas.
Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.
also called an art ballad that imitates the form and spirit of the folk ballad, but is more polished and uses a higher level of poetic diction
an absurd or comically exaggerated imitation of something in a literary or dramatic work; a parody
a picture, description, or imitation of a person or thing in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect
the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.
a group of performers, in Greek drama, who comment on the main action, typically speaking and moving together.
the following of ancient Greek or Roman principles and style in art and literature, generally associated with harmony, restraint, and adherence to recognized standards of form and craftsmanship
a word or phrase that is not formal or literary, typically one used in ordinary or familiar conversation.
the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, and touch; one of the four modes of discourse
a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation
a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way; a short poem having a witty or ingenious ending
the part of a play or work of fiction in which the background to the main conflict is introduced and revealed
a comic dramatic work using buffoonery and horseplay and typically including crude characterization and ludicrously improbable situations
language that contains figures of speech such as similes and metaphors in order to create associations that are imaginative rather than literal
Figures of Speech
expressions such as similes, metaphors, and personifications that make imaginative, rather than literal, comparisons or asscociatons
the traditional beliefs, customs, stories, and songs of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth
the combination of stressed and unstressed syllables that makes up the basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry
a metrical foot consisting of two short or unstressed syllables followed by one long or stressed syllable; in-ter-rupt
a metrical foot consisting of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables or one long syllable followed by two short syllables; beau-ti-ful
a metrical foot consisting of one short unstressed syllable followed by one long stressed syllable; dis-turb
a foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable followed by one short or unstressed syllable; in-jure and con-stant
referring to a type of novel that emerged in the eighteenth century that uses mystery, suspense, and sensational and supernatural occurrences to evoke terror
reversal of the normal order of words, typically for rhetorical effect but also found in the regular formation of questions in English
the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
a traditional story, concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events
19th-century artistic and literary movement, influenced by contemporary ideas of science and society, that rejected the idealization of experience and adopted an objective and often uncompromisingly realistic approach to art.
a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter
a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels
a statement or proposition that leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory
the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning
an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect
a work of literature portraying or evoking country life, typically in a romanticized or idealized form
a mode of discourse in which the action or fact of persuading someone or of being persuaded to do or believe something
one of the most important types of sonnets, composed of an octave with abba abba rhyme scheme and ending in a sestet with cde cde rhyme scheme; also called an Italian sonnet
First Person Narrator
character in a story who relates their actions and thoughts through his or her perspective
Stream of Consciousness Narrator
similar to first person, but places the reader in the character's head
a third person narrator who is able to see into other character's minds and understand all their actions
Limited Omniscient Narrator
a third person narrator who only reports the thoughts of one character and generally only what the one character sees
a third person narrator who only reports what would be visible to a camera; thoughts and feelings are only revealed if the character speaks of them
late 19th-century movement that meant to portray and focus on simple and unidealized treatment of contemporary life
an element in literature that conveys a realistic portrayal of a specific geographical locale, using the locale and its influences as a major part of the plot
a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play
a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
Suspension of Disbelief
the demand made of a theater audience to provide some details with their imagination and to accept the limitations of reality and staging; also the acceptance of the incident of the plot by the reader or audience
the use of symbols to represent both literal and representative ideas or qualities with a more complex significance
the characteristic emotion of attitude of an author toward the characters, subject, and audience