extension beyond the borders of a single country, applies to a polictical movement issue, organiztion, or other phenomena
nationalism (patriotic, connected to a we-group)
the belief that the nation is the ultimate basis of political loyalty and the nations should have self-governng states.
a politically organized territory tht recognies no higher law; and whose population politically identifies with the entity
countries in which there are two or more significant nationalities
the belief that Jews are a nation and that they should have an independent homeland
Karl Marx (1818-1883) german communist philosphers
the have and have nots. Workers all unite; all human divisions were based on economic class and that the state was a tool of the wealthy bourgeoise to oppress the proletariat. "workingmen have no country."
Divine Right to Rule
people were subjects who were ruled by a monach anointed by God to govern
occurs when a nation is a minority in one or more states, does not have a nation-state of its own, and wants one. ex. Kurds & Palenstinians
Perhaps the most important legacy of colonialism is the division of Africa into more than 50 states whose boundaries were set without regard for where the people lived or how they organized their own political divisions. The present boundaries often divide single African ethnic communities among two or more nation-states
the love of one's country and willingness to scarfice for it
is a people who 1. share demographic and cultrual similiarites; 2. possess a feeling of community; 3. want to control themselves potically. a nation is intangible, it exits because its members think it does
an ethic group in which a significant percentage of its members favor national self-determination and the establishment of a nation-state dominated by that group
the concept that people should have the opportunity to map their own destiny.
a group of cultrurally and historically similar people who feel a communal bond and who feel they should govern themselves to at least some degree
a multifaceted concept that represents the increasing integration of economics, communications, and culture across national boundareis
merchandise trade: consists of goods-tangible items-raw materials (primary goods) & manufactured goods; Services Trade: things people do for one another
foreign direct investment (FDI)
buying stock, real estate, and other assets in another country with the aim of gaining a controlling interest in foreign economic enterprises. different from portfolio investment, which involves investment solely to gain capital appreciation through market fluctuations
Samuel P Huntington (1927-2008)
political scientists; professor, Harvard University
clash of civilizatons (written by Samuel P. Huntington)
Samuel P Huntington's thesis: that the source of future conflict will be cultural; that people's cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world.
statehood rests on both a claim to that status and its recognition by existing states pg. 170
authoritarian states, rule from above
a type of restrictuve government system where people are under the rule of an individual, such as a dictator or king, or a group, such as a paty or military junta
a political system that is organized, governed, and defined by spiritual leaders and their religious beliefs
an ideology that advocates extreme nationalism, with heightened sense of national belonging or ethic identity. ex. Hilter (germany), Mussolini (italy);
communism (Mao, China; Lenin, USSR)
the idea that an oppressed proletariate class of workers would eventually organize and revolt against those who owned the means of production, the bourgeoisie; a political system of government applied in china, and elsewhere, wherein the state owns the means of production as system to expediate Engels and Marx's economic theory. "dictatorship of the proletariat"
a form of democracy that is defined by whether or not particular procedures are followed, such as free and fair elections or following a set of laws or a constitution
End of History? by Francis ***uyama
we may have come to the end of political evolution with "the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of government"
Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
liberal philosopher; globalism, " citizen of the world"
John Locke, classical theorists (1632-1704)
from state of nature to merging into societies; "social contract" - contract between people and the state. the desire to improve their lives that prompted individuals and families to join together in societies, to surrender much of their sovereignty, and to create governments to conduct society's affairs.
as part of humanity, not as members of one or another smaller political community; Ancient Greece/Stoicism
greek work demos - citizenry