Self- defense, ability to perform ADLs, participate in recreational activities (also expression of emotions or satisfaction of basic needs with nonverbal gestures.
coordinated efforts of musculoskeletal and nervous systems such as lifting tech. used in nursing, if incorrectly used it can cause injury.
Body alignment and posture
refers to positioning of the joints, tendon, ligament and muscles while standing, sitting, lying (individuals center of gravity is stable).
is a force that occurs in a direction to oppose movement, greater the surface area of the object that is being moved, greater the friction.
of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes, like in swimming, rock climbing, cycling
you simply hold the position, you don't put your muscle through any range of motion like holding a push up position
position of the body in relation to the surrounding space, lower extremities, trunk, neck, and back are related to posture
normal state of the muscle tension, body achieve muscle tension by alternation contraction and relaxation w/o active movement
tendency of cells and tissue to decrease in size and function in response to prolong inactivity like due to lack of use like in bed rest, trauma, casting, local nerve damage to motor division
breakdown of more complex substances into simpler ones with release of energy (break down)
respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants (inflamed lungs due to stasis or pooling of secretions)
abnormally low blood pressure
(increase in HR and decrease in SBP or DBP when pt. changes position)
a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin (damage to blood vessel/wall, alteration in blood flow/ viscous and or alteration in blood clotting factors are three factors that contribute to it.
pt. at increase risk of fractures. immobilization results in bone resorption, the bone tissue is less dense disuse osteoporosis results.
abnormal and/or permanent fixation of the joint. flexor muscle are responsible for it.
foot is permanently fixed in planter flexion position, ambulation becomes difficult due to the decrease in pt.s ability to dorsiflexion
urine formed by the kidney needs to enter the bladder unaided by gravity but due to immobility the peristaltic contractions of the ureters are insufficient to overcome the gravity, the renal pelvis fills before urine enters the ureters.
particular manner or style of walking- helps you assess the pt balance, posture, safety and ability to walk w/o assistance. involves neuro, muscular and skeletal systems coordination
measurements to evaluate muscle atrophy- measured by using pt. ht. et. and skinfold thickness
intermittent pneumatic compression sticking made of fabric or plastic that are wrapped around the leg and secured with velcro
bath blanket folded in lengthwise and placed from great trochanter of the femur, prevents external rotation of the hips when pt. is in supine position