Bruerger disease (athromboangiitis obliterans)
an inflammatory disease of the peripheral arteries tends to occur in young men who are heavy smokers. inflammation, thrombus formation and vasospasm can eventually occlude and obliterate portions of small and medium sized arteries in the feet and sometimes hands. chief symptom is pain and tenderness in the affected part.. sluggish blood flow, rubor (redness) caused by dilated capillaries under the skin, and cyanosis (bluish color) caused by blood that stays after its oxygen has been diffused. treatment is cessation of smoking. vasodilators, and amputation if gangrene occurs.
attacks of vasospasm (vessel twitching) in small arteries and arterioles of the fingers and sometimes toes. Secondary to systemic diseases..collagen vascular disease, pulmonary hypertension, thoracic outlet syndrome, myxedema trauma, serum sickness and long term exposure to cold or vibrating machinery.
attacks of vasospasm in small arteries and arterioles of the fingers and sometimes toes. a primary vasospastic disorder of unknown origin, tends to affect young women. vasospasm is triggered by stress or exposure to cold. can be genetic. causes pallor numbness and the sensation of cold, sluggish blood flow may cause skin to appear blue (cyanotic). Treatment..prevention or alleviation of the vasospasm.. avoid cold stress and cigarette smoking.
a vein in which blood has pooled. distended, tortuous, and palpable. caused by trauma to saphenous veins, damage to one or more valve in the vein caused by standing too long. permits backflow in the vein. Treatment..thrombolytics and pressure stockings.
occurs in people who have venous stasis (immobility, age, left heart failure), vein wall (endothelial) damage, or hypercoagulable states (pregnancy, oral contraceptives, malignancy). often no symptoms, may lead to fatal pulmonary emboli. causes tenderness, swelling and redness in area of thrombus formation.