AAE HAnP Chapter 1 General A & P Terms 1

40 terms by AAEAPES

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Anatomy

The study of structure of organisms

Gross

What we can see with the naked eye

Microscopic

Need a microscope to see it

Applied

Use knowledge of anatomy to help in diagnosis/treatment

Physiology

Study of how things function

Median Plane

Cuts body in half longitudally

Medial

Close to the midline

Lateral

Away from the midline

Sagittal Plane

Slices that are parallel to the median plane

Transverse Plane

Right angles to the median plane

Cranial

Towards the head

Caudal

Towards the tail

Rostral

On the head, towards the nose

Dorsal Plane

Cuts body into upper and lower halves

Dorsal

Towards the back

Ventral

Towards the belly

Palmar

Caudal surface of front legs from wrist to toes

Plantar

Caudal surface of the hind legs from the ankle to the toes

Superficial

Near the surface of the body

Deep

Near the center of the body

Proximal

Near to the body proper

Distal

Farther away from the body

The Cell

The basic unit of living things

Tissue

Specialized groups of cells with the same function

Organ

Groups of tissues that work together

System

Groups of organs working together to do a common job

Epithelial

Covers and lines the body; skin, mucous membranes...

Connective

Binds other tissues together, protection and leverage

Elastic

Stretches and returns to original shape... around abdomen and walls of arteries

Collagen

Fibrous tissue that adds strength to other tissues; gelatin, capsule around muscles

Tendon

Strong dense tissue that connects muscle to bone

Ligament

Strong dense tissue that connects bone to bone

Adipose

Fat storage. White in most animals. Yellow in Gurnsey cattle and horses. Brown in newborns

Cartilage

Gristle type tissue. Discs between vertebrae, ear, joint surface

Bone

Calcified cartilage. Living tissue constantly being remodled

Muscle

Used for movement- skeletal, striated and cardiac

Nervous

Conducts never signals; found in the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves

Cranium

Surrounds the brain

Thoracic

Surrounds the heart and lungs

Abdomino-Pelvic

Surrounds all the organs in the 'belly,' intestine, uterus, kidneys etc...

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