Medical Terminology

244 terms by SarahRose_914 

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Erythrocytes

red blood cells

hemolysin

a substance that causes hemolysis

Carcinogen

adj. substance, one that causes cancer

ophthalmopathy

any disease of the eye

pyromaniac

a person having characteristics of pyromania

osteitis

inflammation of a bone

myalgia

muscular pain

nasal

adj. pertaining to the nose

encephalocele

herniation of part of the brain through an opening in the skull (also called cerebral)

microscopy

the process of viewing things which are small

-centesis

surgical puncture

-ectomy

surgical removal

-pexy

surgical fixation

-plasty

surgical repair

-rrhaphy

suture

-scopy

visual examination with a lighted instrument

-tripsy

surgical crushing

hemorrhage

excessive bleeding

colectomy

excision of the colon

ophthalmotomy

incision of the eye

encephalotome

instrument used in encephalotomy to incise the brain

otoplasty

plastic surgery of the ear

neurotripsy

surgical crushing of a nerve

angiorrhaphy

suture of a vessel

blepharedema

swelling of the eyelid

otoscopy

visual examination of the ear

CT

computed tomography

CXR

chest x-ray

ECG

electrocardiogram

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

WNL

within normal limits

OD

Overdose; right eye

OTC

over the counter

Rx

prescription

Tx

treatment

acromeagly

enlargement of the extemities

chirospasm

writers cramp

dactlyogram

a mark or record of a finger print

distal

opposite of proximal- further from the point of origin

dysplasia

is the abnormal development of an organ or tissue

hyperactive

excessively active

incisional

adj. pertaining to an incision

intravenous

within a vein

pronation

act of lying prone, downward & assumption of a supine position

recumbent

laying down

postnasal

lying or occuring behind the nose

suprathoracic

above the chest

unilateral

affecting only one side

diplopia

double vision

hypertrophy

increases in size by enlarging individual cells

abdominopelvic

adj. abdomen & pelvis

afebrile

adj. without fever

bradyphasia

abnormally slow speech

contralateral

occuring on the opposite side

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

inferior

below

intramuscular

within a muscle

omphaloma

ask

anatomy

study of structure

plantar

pertaining to sole

VS

vital signs

BSA

body surface area

PA

posteroanterior

PE

physical examination

b.i.n.

twice a night

t.i.d.

three times a day

p.r.n.

as needed

PO

by mouth

a.c.

before meals

thrombocytopenia

insufficiency of blood platelets

erythrocytosis

an increase in the number of erythrocytes

syncope

fainting

karomegaly

abnormal enlargement of a cell nucleus

anisocytosis

cells are not of equal size

hematoma

localized collection of blood

hyperemia

excess of blood in part of the body

coagulate

to cause to clot or become clotted

hematopoiesis

production of blood, specifically the formation & development of its cells

infection

invasion & multiplication of microorganisms in body tissue

aplastic

having no tendency to develop new tissue

fibronolysis

the destruction of fibrin

nosocomial

hospital acquired

nucleoid

resembling a nucleus

toxicity

the degree to which something is poisonous or condition that results from exposure to a toxin

toxoid

helpful form of toxin

poikilocytes

red blood cells that have an abnormal shape

pathogenic

adj. capable of causing disease

hypochromia

condition in which the red blood cells have a below normal amount of color

phagocytes

cells that digest debris

susceptibility

lack of resistance

hemophilia

hereditary bleeding disorder

polymorphonuclear

adj. many shaped nucleus

thrombectomy

surgical removal of a blood clot

microbiology

special/ small branch of biology

DOB

date of birth

CDC

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

HX, hx

health history

PT

prothrombin time & physical therapy

HIPPA

Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act

RBC

red blood cell; red blood count

TSS

Toxic Shock Syndrome

HPF

high power field

Rh

rheus factor

WMD

weapons of mass Destruction

cardiomyopathy

general diagnostic term that designates primary myocardial disease

ischemia

insufficient blood flow to an area

cyanosis

is a blue discoloration of the skin & mucous membranes

anoxia

abnormal condition characterized by absence of oxygen

arteriosclerosis

thickening & loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries

aneurysm

is a localized dilation or ballooning out of the wall of a blood vessel

phlebostasis

spontaneous slowing down of blood flow in a vein, or the result of a deliberate act in which one compresses the vein to control the flow of blood temporarily

tonsillar

pertaining to a tonsil

splenoptosis

downward displacement of the spleen

hypotension

decreased blood pressure

paroxysmal

occurring in sudden, repeated episodes

sphygmomanometer

apparatus that measures blood pressure

cardiovascular

adj. pertaining to the heart & blood vessels

pulmonary

adj. pertaining to the lungs

coronary arteries

arteries that supply blood to the heart

venipuncture

opening of a vein to draw blood

occlusion

obstruction or closure

vasodilation

stretching or dilation of a vessel

edema

abnormal accumulation of fluid

antihypertensive

adj. counteracting high blood pressure

metastasis

process by which malignant tumor cells spread to distant parts of the body

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

pericardium

membranous sac which encloses the heart

arteriole

minute arterial branch

embolus

foreign matter that circulates in the blood stream

ECHO

echocardiography

BP

blood pressure

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

CCU

critical care unit

LA

left atrium

T & A

tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

CHF

congestive heart failure

CA

carcinoma

MI

myocardial infarction

spirometry

measures ventilation (the ability of the lungs to move air)

emphysema

characterized by over inflation & destruction of the alveolar walls

tracheostenosis

narrowing of the lumen of the trachea

pneumohemothorax

accumulation of air & blood in the pleural cavity

bronchodilator

expands the bronchi & other aidr passages

phrenoptosis

prolapsed or downward displacement of the diaphragm

bradynea

slow breathing

antitussive

adj. an agent that prevents or relieves coughing

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