Egan's Chapter 1: History of Respiratory Care

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Who is the father of medicine?

Hippocrates

Who is credited with the discovery of oxygen?

Joseph Priestley

Who created the germ theory?

Louis Pasteur

Who described the law of partial pressures in a gas mixture?

John Dalton

Who described the relationship between gas pressure and temperatures?

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Who described the relationship between gas volume and temperatures?

Jacques Charles

What did William Roentgen discover?

X-Rays

What does Karl von Linde contribute to the respiratory field?

Created large scale commercial preparation of oxygen.

What did Drinker and Emerson invent?

The Iron Lung

What did Joseph Black rediscover?

He rediscovered CO2 and he called it "dephlogisticated air"

What is the AARC's mission?

The American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) will continue to be the leading national and international professional association for respiratory care. The AARC will encourage and promote professional excellence, advance the science and practice of respiratory care, and serve as an advocate for patients, their families, the public, the profession and the respiratory therapist.

Which organization is responsible for credentialing in the respiratory care field?

National Board of Respiratory Care (NBRC)

Which organization is responsible for accreditation in the respiratory care field?

Committee on Accreditation of Respiratory Care (CoARC)

David Pierson predicted what?

Greater use of patient assessment protocols in disease management in all clinical settings, a more active role in pallitative care, increasing emphasis on smoking cessation and prevention, and early detection and intervention in COPD, and an increas of using RTs in as home health coordinators and care givers.

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