Small Mammals

145 terms by kat71 

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Florida Institute of Animal Arts access

Ferret life span

5-8 years (12 max)

Ferret sexual maturity

4-8 months

Ferret gestation period

41-42 days

Ferret birth weight

8-10g

Ferret eyes and ears open

21-37 days

Ferret weaning age

6-8 weeks

Ferret adult male weight

1-2kg

Ferret female adult weight

600-950g

Ferret rectal temperature

100-104F

Ferret average blood volume

60 mL (males), 40mL (females)

Ferret heart rate

180-250bpm

Ferret urine volume

26-28mL / 24hrs

Rabbit lifespan

5-7 years (15 max)

Rabbit gestation

31-32 days

Rabbit litter size

4-10 kits

Rabbit weaning age

5-6 weeks

Rabbit rectal temperature

101-104F

Rabbit heart rate

200-300bpm

Rabbit respiration rate

30-60 bpm

Rabbit blood pressure

90-130 systolic, 80-90 diastolic

Rabbit food consumption

50 g/kg/day

Rabbit water consumption

100 ml/kg/day

Adult male ferrets

hobs

Intact female ferrets

jills

Spayed female ferrets

sprites

Juvenile ferrets

kits

Ferret teeth

30 deciduous, 34 permanent

Ferret protein requirements

30-40%

Ferret venipuncture sites

jugular vein, cephalic vein, caudal artery

Adult male rabbits

buck

Female rabbits

does

Neonate rabbits

kits

Rabbits raised for food

fryers

Rabbit types

dwarf, small, medium, large, giant

Rabbit venipucture sites

central artery of the ear, jugular vein, lateral marginal ear vein, cephalic vein

Rabbit skeletal difference

no fibula

Rabbit medicine

no vaccines avail. (interventional purposes rather than preventive other than spays and neuters)

Tyzzer's disease (Bacillus piliformis)

intracellular bacterium having vegetative and spore forms (hepatoenteric infectious disease caused by ingestion of spore contaminated food or bedding, seen in the very young, overcrowding, poor sanitation or deprivation of food or water)

Pasteurella

bacteria that causes sniffles in rabbits

malocclusion

abnormal contact between the upper and lower teeth

torticollis

head tilt (Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscles of the neck; wryneck)

kindling

can rebreed within 24hrs of parturition

Mouse lifespan

1-3 years

Mouse adult weight

20-40g (males), 25-40g (females)

Mouse temperature

98-101F

Mouse heart rate

300-750bpm

Mouse respiratory rate

60-220bpm

Mouse puberty (sexual maturity)

35 days

Mouse estrous cycle

4-5 days

Mouse gestation

19-21 days

Mouse weaning age

19-28 days (3-4wks)

Mouse litter size

10-12

Rat lifespan

2-4 years

Rat adult weight

300-400g (males), 250-300g (females)

Rat temperature

99.5-100.6F

Rat heart rate

250-450bpm

Rat respiratory rate

70-115bpm

Rat puberty (sexual maturity)

37-67 days

Rat estrous cycle

4-5 days (rats)

Rat gestation

21-23 days

Rat weaning age

21 days

Rat litter size

6-12

Gerbil lifespan

3-7 years

Gerbil adult weight

80-120g males, 70-95g females

Gerbil temperature

101-103F

Gerbil heart rate

360bpm

Gerbil respiratory rate

90bpm

Gerbil puberty

70-84 days

Gerbil estrous cycle

4-7 days

Gerbil gestation

24-26 days

Gerbil weaning age

21 days

Gerbil litter size

3-7

Hamster lifespan

18-24 months

Hamster adult weight

85-130g (males), 95-150g (females)

Hamster temperature

101-103F

Hamster heart rate

300-500bpm

Hamster respiratory rate

?

Hamster puberty (sexual maturity)

45-75 days

Hamster estrous cycle

3-4 days

Hamster gestation

15 days

Hamster weaning age

20-25 days

Hamster litter size

5-9

Will fight

male mice, gerbils, and hamsters

Chinchilla puberty

3-4 months

Chinchilla gestation

110-138 days

Chinchilla average litters size

1-3 kits

Chinchilla litters per year

1-2 per year

Chinchilla average weight

400-600g

Chinchilla temperature

97-102F

Chinchilla heart rate

200-350 bpm

Chinchilla respiratory rate

40-80 bpm

Chinchilla venipuncture sites

jugular vein, cephalic vein, saphenous vein, femoral vein

cannot vomit

rabbits, rats, chinchilla

Guinea pig lifespan

5-7 years

Guinea Pig adult weight

900-1200g (males), 700-900g (females)

Guinea Pig puberty (sexual maturity)

45-70 days

Guinea pig breeding age

3-4 months

Guinea pig estrous cycle

15-17 days

Guinea Pig gestation

63-68 days

Guinea Pig litter size

2-5 pups

Guinea Pig weaning age

21 days

Guinea Pig respiratory rate

70-130 bpm

Guinea Pig heart rate

230-300 bpm

Guinea Pig rectal temperature

99-103.1F

Guinea Pig cannot synthesize

vitamin c (1g per liter)

Guinea pig presurgical fasting

2-4 hours

Hedgehog lifespan

3-4 years (in the wild)

Hedgehog sexual maturity

6-9 months

Hedgehog weaning age

5-6 wks

Hedgehog litter size

2-6

Hedgehogs breed

1-2 times a year

Sugar Glider weight range

95-120g

Sugar Glider body length

12-21cm

Sugar glider heart rate

200-300bpm

Sugar glider respiratory rate

16-40 bpm

Sugar Glider rectal temperature

96.5-97.9F

Sugar Glider gestation

15-70 days, leaves the pouch

Sugar Glider weaning age

110-120 days

Sugar Glider gliding membrane

petagium

Sugar Glider venipuncture sites

jugular vein, cranial vena cava, medial tibial

cryptorchidism

undescended testicle (one or both)

neutered ferret

hob

ferreting

rabbit hunting with ferrets (to search about, tunnel, to drive out from a place)

rabbiting

sport of hunting rabbits

omnivore

diet of meat and veggie

insectivore

diet of insects

marsupial

having pouches for carrying the young

nocturnal

(belonging to or) active during the night

guinea pigs cannot have this Rx

penicillin

sniffles disease (is caused by)

pasteurrella bacteria (in rabbits)

ferrets are used for

hunting, pets, med research

chinchilla are from

andes mountains of S Africa

rabbits are used for

fur, food, pets, med research

clostridium piliforme

tyzzer's Dx is caused by this bacteria

chinchilla lifespan

8-10yrs (max 30yrs)

chinchilla neonates

kits

chinchilla weaning period

7wks

sugar glider lifespan

4-6yrs

sugar glider cycle estrous

reflex ovulators

rabbit estrous cycle

reflex ovulators

reflex (induced) ovulators

ovulates after being bred (require the the act of copulation to stimulate ovulation; induced ovulators includes rabbits, ferrets, mink, voles, camels, domestic cats, the short-tailed tree shrew, and 13-lined ground squirrel)

ferret estrous cycle

photo receptive, reflex ovulators

Ferret litter size

1-7 kits

Hedgehog gestation

35 days

chinchilla gestation

28days

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