Art History Cha. 14 Middle Ages; Romanesque and Gothic

35 terms by Bere-nice 

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Pointed Arch

a curved arrangement of stones that meet at the center point at the top

Flying Buttress

a brace or support placed on the outside of a building

Stained Glass

an artistic arrangement of colored glass

Fresco

A painting created when pigment is applied to a
section of wall spread with fresh plaster

The Layout of a Romanesque Church

it is in the shape of a cross

Tapestry

a piece of work that is used with thread

Last Judgement

from West Tympanum in Saint-Lazare in Autun, by Gislebertus, 1120-1135. Romanesque. long thin proportion of Jesus, who is distant and removed. conceptual. story starts in lintel--waking the dead. anticipation, anxiety, trepidation. childlike figures. on left of Jesus=hell. on right=heaven. meant to scare people about fate and their life.

Trumeau

center post supporting the lintel in the middle doorway

Tympanum

half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.

enamel

A decorative coating, usually colored, fused onto the surface of metal, glass, or ceramics.

reliquary

A container for keeping relics.

vellum

Calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting.

relics

The body parts, clothing, or objects associated with a holy figure, such as the Buddha or Christ or a Christian saint

repoussé

Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver.

Carolingian

(adj.) Pertaining to the empire of Charlemagne (Latin, Carolus Magnus) and his successors.

carpet pages

In early medieval manuscripts, decorative pages resembling textiles.

ambulatory

A covered walkway, outdoors (as in a church cloister) or indoors; especially the passageway around the apse and the choir of a church. In Buddhist architecture, the passageway leading around the stupa in a chaitya hall

cloisonne

technique in enameled decoration of metal, involving metal wire that is fixed to surface in a design. The resulting areas filled with decorative enamel.

choir

new addition to basilicas

Beneditine order

orderly lifestyle, self-sufficient, brewery, or winery for business.

Ultrecht Psalter

books of Psalms that standardized the alphabet and christian gospel.

Cover Lindau Gospels

reposee, jeweled cross; pearls, gold, crucifixion-angles mourning over christ.

The Ottomian period

"Holy Roman empire," unify Germany and Austria

Doors of Saint Michael

bronze, "concept of original sin." harsh style and harsh choice of subject matter

Abbey of Saint Gall, Switzerland

plan for the ideal monastery, orderly layout.

Matthew the Evangelist

Corinthian style from the Ebbo gospels- his writtings the book of Matthew. Roman style influence, trying to do illusionism, tradition of making portable objects.

Palace chapel of Charlemagne

Aachen, Germany (many changes over this time) ; central plan, octagon inside, used a a moratorium house for relics. He dies, it becomes his mausoleum, heavy style characteristics style continued.

Romanesque Period

aggressive time, roman like period, lost recipe for concrete led to looking back of Ancient Roman art and use limestone instead of concrete.

Pilgrimages

catholic church urges ppl to go to St. James

Crusades

military pilgrimages that traveled to the sacred land to bring back sacred objects to Europe.

Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy

child saint, she died young, added storage for relics (choir)

Mass

3 dimentional solid

Doubting Thomas

relief, repetitive figures. He doubts Christ and looks for the stigmata marks on Christ's body.

Archivolts (vouissoirs)

an ornamental molding or band following the curve on the underside of an arch.

Trumeau

a column that separates a door

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