# Magnetism and Electromagnetism

### 21 terms by abell3627

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### Tesla

Magnetic Field Intensity; N/(A•m)

### Gauss

unit of magnetic flux density equal to 10ˉ⁵ tesla

### Magnetic Field

the lines of force surrounding a permanent magnet or a moving charged particle

### Magnetic North

the direction in which a compass needle points, which would be a south (magnet) pole

### Magnetic South

the direction that a compass needle points AWAY from, which would be a north (magnet) pole

### Permanent Magnet

A magnet that retains its magnetism after being removed from a magnetic field

### Electromagnet

A temporary magnet made by passing electric current through a wire coiled around an iron bar.

### Right Hand Rule

Common method used to determine the direction of the magnetic force vector. Thumb points in the direction of charge's velocity, fingers point in direction of magnetic (B) field, palm points in the direction of the acting force.

### Mass Spectrometer

an instrument that separates ionized atoms or molecules based upon their ratio of charge to mass.

### Velocity Selector

used in accelerator mass spectrometry to select particles based on their speed, v= E/B. The velocity selector is composed of orthogonal electric and magnetic fields, such that particles with the correct charge to mass ratio and speed will be unaffected, and other particles will be deflected.

### Solenoid

a long straight coil of wire.

### Toroid

a doughnut shaped coil of wire; a solenoid bent into a closed circle.

### Electromagnetic Induction

.Process by which electrical current is induced in a wire when it is moved through a magnetic field; generating electrical current from the motion of a conductor through a magnetic field

Calculates the amount of electromotive force (emf) induced based on the rate at which magnetic flux changes.

### Magnetic Flux

the number of magnetic field lines that pass through a surface

### Lenz's Law

When magnetic flux changes in a system, the system will induce a magnetic effect to oppose that change

### Eddy Current

Induced circulating currents in a conducting material that are caused by a varying magnetic field.

### Electric Motor

A device that contains a rotating electromagnet that changes electrical energy into mechanical energy.

### Electric Generator

a device that transforms mechanical energy into electrical energy. Relies on basic principle that if you move a coil of wire through magnetic field, electrons would flow through the wire.

a metallic enclosure that prevents the entry or escape of an electromagnetic field

### Magnetic Domain

a region in which the magnetic fields of all atoms are lined up in the same direction

Example: