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Use these questions to study for your History Test, Tuesday, September 10.

Timberline

The point beyond which trees cannot grow because of extreme cold, type of soil, and other factors

Northern Lights

Another name for the Aurora Borealis

No One

Lives at the North Pole

Glaciers

Large masses of ice that flow slowly over land and break off into water to form huge icebergs

Iceberg

A piece of glacier that has moved down a mountain or across a polar region and broken off into the sea

Plankton

Tiny plants and animals that thrive in Arctic waters

Narwhals

Small whales whose males have a single spiral tusk

Puffins

Strange-looking birds who spend their time swimming and diving for fish in the Arctic's icy waters

Blubber

Arctic animals have this thick layer of fat to keep them warm

North America

The third largest continent

Greenland

The world's largest island

Mt. McKinley

The highest peak in North America

Hudson Bay

The world's largest bay

Gulf of Mexico

The world's largest gulf

Arctic Ocean

The smallest, coldest ocean

Tundra

The area between the North Pole and the timberline

Boreal Forest

The vast evergreen forest region covering much of Canada and parts of Alaska

Permafrost

Ground that is permanently frozen

Strait

The narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water

Jim Thorpe

A native American that was one of America's greatest athletes

Sir Wilfred Grenfell

The famous English missionary to the Canadian Inuits and their neighbors

Will Rogers

America's Greatest Storyteller

History

The record of what has happened to mankind

Geography

The study of the earth

Habitat

The setting in which certain types of plants and animals thrive

Culture

the "way of life" of a group of people

Conifers

cone bearing trees

Evergreen

Trees that do not lose their leaves

Deciduous

Trees that are the oldest and largest trees in the world

Bering Strait

The narrow body of water that separates Russia from Alaska

Migration

The movement of a group of people or animals from one part of the world to the next

Inca Indian Tribe

The famous Indian tribe in South America

Maya Indian Tribe

The famous Indian tribe in Central America

Aztec Indian Tribe

The famous Indian tribe in Mexico

Why is the tundra called the "Land of the Midnight Sun"?

There are days during the summer when the sun never sets.

Greenland and Arctic Canada

The regions the Inuit people live in

Harpoon

Weapons the Arctic people used for hunting

Eskimos

The people of northern Alaska

Inuits

The people of Greenland and Arctic Canada

Golden Eagle

"The King of Birds"

Kayak

One-man boat constructed of sealskin stretched over a frame

Taiga

Northern woods south of the tundra

Pemmican

A mixture of dried meat pounded together with fat and berries

Erik the Red

A Viking from Norway who founded the first European settlement in Greenland

Caribou

The North American reindeer

Igloo

The snow house usually built for temporary shelter while traveling

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