Abbreviations/Symbols

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Commonly used abbreviations and symbols for nursing

ABC

automated blood count

ABGs

arterial blood gases

ac

before meals

acbs

before breakfast and supper

ADA

American Diabetes Association

ADLs

activities of daily living

AKA

above the knee amputation

AMA

against medical advice

Amb.

ambulate

ASHD

arterio or atherosclerotic heart disease

AV

arteriovenous

BCPs

birth control pills

BE or Ba E

barium enema

BKA

below the knee amputation

BMP

basal metabolic panel

BMR

basal metabolic rate

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

BR

bedrest, bathroom

BRP

bathroom privileges

BS

bowel sounds, blood sugar, breath sounds

BSC

bedside commode

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

Ca

cancer, carcinoma

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

CAT or CT

computerized axial tomography (scan)

CBC

complete blood count

CBD

common bile duct

CBI

continuous bladder irrigation

CBR

complete bedrest

CHF

congestive heart failure

CHI

closed head injury

CL

clear liquids, cervical laminectomy

CNS

central nervous system

c/o

complaining of

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

C & S

culture and sensitivity

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

CVA

cerebrovascular accident, costovertebral angle

Cysto

cystogram or cystoscopy

CXR

chest x-ray

D & C

dilation and curettage

D & I

dry and intact

DJD

degenerative joint disease

DKA

diabetic ketoacidosis

DM

diabetes mellitus

DNR

do not resuscitate

DOA

dead on arrival

DOB

date of birth

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

DSD

dry sterile dressing

DTV

due to void

D5W

dextrose 5% in water (IV fluid)

D5NS

dextrose 5% in normal saline

D51/2 NS

dextrose 5% in half strength normal saline

Dx or Diag.

diagnosis

EBL

estimated blood loss

EEG

electroencephalogram

EENT

eyes, ears, nose, throat

EKG (ECG)

electrocardiogram

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

ESRD

end stage renal disease

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ET

endotracheal tube

ETOH

alcohol (ethanol)

Exp. lap.

exploratory laparotomy

FBS

fasting blood sugar

ff or FF

force fluids

FOB

foot of bed

f/u

follow up

FUO

fever of unknown/undetermined origin

FWB

full weight bearing

Fx or Frac.

fracture

GI

gastrointestinal

GSW

gunshot wound

GT

gastrostomy tube

HA

headache, hyperalimentation

HAL

hyperalimentation

Hct

hematocrit

H. flu

hemophilus influenza

Hgb

hemoglobin

H & H

hemoglobin & hematocrit

HHFM

high humidity face mask

HHTC

high humidity trach collar

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus

H2O2

hydrogen peroxide

HOB

head of bed

HOH

hard of hearing

HS

hour of sleep or half strength

ICS

intercostal space

I & D

incision and drainage

IICP

increased intracranial pressure

INR

International Normalized Ratio

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

IS

incentive spirometry

IU or I.U.

international unit

JT

jejunostomy tube

JVD

jugular vein distention

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder

LBP

low blood pressure, low back pain

LE

lower extremities

LFTs

liver function tests

LLE

left lower extremity

LMP

last menstrual period

LOC

laxative of choice, level of consciousness

LOS

length of stay

LP

lumbar puncture

LTC

left to count (IV fluid)

L & W

living and well

MAE (EW)

moves all extremities (equally well)

MVA

motor vehicle accident

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MRSA

methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus

MS

multiple sclerosis

NAS

no added salt

NC

nasal cannula

NCB

no code blue

NHP

nursing home placement

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

N & V

nausea and vomiting

N, V, D

nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

NWB

no weight bearing

OB

obstetrics, occult blood

OOB

out of bed

OT

occupational therapy

OTA

open to air

PACU

post anesthesia care unit

PAR

post anesthesia recovery

pc

after meals

PCA

patient controlled analgesia

PD

peritoneal dialysis

PEG

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

per

through, by

PFTs

pulmonary function tests

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

PMH

past medical history

PRN

as needed

Pt. or pt.

patient

PT

Prothrombin time or Physical therapy

PTT

Partial Thromboplastin Time

RR

recovery room

RT

respiratory, recreation, or radiation therapy

RUQ

right upper quadrant

Rx

prescription drug, medication

Sat.

saturation

SBE

subacute bacterial endocarditis

SG

specific gravity

SNF

skilled nursing facility

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