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H2 + 02 YEILDS

H20

CO + H2 YIELDS

CH3OH

CO2 + H20 YIELDS

C6H12O6 + O2

CaC2 + H2O yields

Ca(OH)2 + C2H2

N2 + H2 Yields

NH3

P4O10 + H2O yields

H3PO4

HF + SiO2 yields

SiF4 + H2O

SiO2 + C yields

Si + CO

Ca3PO4 + C + SiO2 + heat Yields

P4 + CO + CaSiO3

Nitrogen in -3

ammonia (NH3) amino acids, and contact explosives (NI3)

Nitrogen in -2

rocket fuel (N2H4)

Nitrogen in -1

oximes (H2N-OH)

Nitrogen in +1

Nitrous oxide (N20)

Nitrogen in +3

Nitrous acid (azo dyes) (HNO2)

Nitrogen in +2 and +4

Acid rain (NO and NO2)

Nitrogen in +5

gunpowder and fireworks (KNO3)

Lithium

treat manic depressive disorder

sodium

yellow fireworks, salt, baking soda

potassium (K)

gunpowder and fireworks (ID)

Be

emerald and aquamarine

Mg

milk of magnesia, chlorophyl, bright white light

Ca

plaster of paris, teeth, etc

Sr

red fireworks

Sc

low density, space missles

Y

superconductor

Ti

smoke bombs, white paint, strong as steel but less dense

Zr

zircon and toothpastes

Hf

control rods in nuclear reactors

V

rust resistant, production of H2SO4

Nb

superconducting magnets

Ta

unreactive, used in human bones

Cr

lots colors, leather tanning, wheels

Mo

enzyme that catalyzes nitrogen fixation in plants

W

highest melting point

Mn

toughen up steel

Tc

nuclear medicine (pet scan)

Re

high melting point, used in filaments and high temp thermometers

Fe

steel, blood, blue dye

Os

greatest density

Co

B12,colorful

Rh

mirrors

Ir

"iris" fountain pens and hardening certain alloys

Ni

nickels and hydrogenation in org. chem

Pd

white gold and hydrogen catalyst

Pt

treat cancer and stereoisomer example

Roasting

2 Cu2S + 3 O2 yields 2 Cu2O + 2 SO2
conversion of sulfide ores to oxides

Smelting

2 Cu2O + C yields 4 Cu + CO2
conversion of oxides to pure metal

Ag

conducts electricity, plating and jewelry

Au

jewelry, treat arthritis

Zn

batteries, sun screen, tv screens

Cd

control rods, yellow pigment

Hg

liquid at room temp, mix with silver for fillings

Al

spot welding, deodorant, astringent

Ga

melts at 30C, transistors and solar cells

In

bearings, transistors, solar cells

Tl

toxic, rat poison, imaging agent

Ge

semiconductor

Sn

make bronze

Pb

old plumbing, gasoline, insecticide, yellow paint and chalk

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