Medical Terminology neftali

276 terms by neftali3778 

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CF

combining form

cis

to cut

-ion

process

format

a shaping

chem/o

chemical

therapy

treatment

gastr

stomach

itis

inflammation

uterus

latin word for one of the organs of the female reproductive system, the womb

Hyster

Greek for womb

Hysterectomy

surgical excision of the womb

Metr/i

Greek(CF) for uterus

Myometrium

muscular tissue of the uterus

abduct

to lead away from the middle

adduct

to lead toward the middle

ante

before, forward

anti

against

ecto

out, outside, outer

endo

within, inner

hyper

above, beyond, excessive

hypo

below, under, deficient

inter

between

intra

within

para

beside, alongside, abnormal

peri

around

per

through

pre

before, in front of

pro

before, in front of

super

above, beyond, upper

supra

above, beyond

poiesis

formation

ptosis

prolapse, drooping, sagging, falling down

ptysis

spitting

rrhagia

to burst forth, bursting forward

rrhage

to burst forth, bursting forward

rrhaphy

suture

rrhea

flow, discharge

rrhexis

rupture

scope

instrument for examining

scopy

visual examination, to view, examine

tome

instrument to cut

tomy

incision

tripsy

crushing

trophy

nourishment, development

abate

to lessen, decrease, or cease

abscess

localized collection of pus, which may occur in any part of the body

acute ac

sudden, sharp, severe; a disease that has a sudden onset, severe symptoms, and a short course

adhesion

process of being stuck together

afferent

carrying impulses toward a center

ambulatory

condition of being able to walk, not confined to bed

antidote

substance given to counteract poisons and their effects

antipyretic

pertaining to an agent that works against fever

antitussive

pertaining to an agent that works against coughing

apathy

condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions and is indifferent

asepsis

without decay; sterile, free from all living microorganisms

autoclave

apparatus used to sterilize articles by steam under pressure

autonomy

condition of being self-governed; to function independently

axillary

pertaining to the armpit

biopsy

surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination; used to determine a diagnosis of cancer or other disease processes in the body

cachexia

condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting. It may occur in chronic diseases such as cancer and pulmonary tuberculosis.

chemotherapy

treatment using chemical agents

chronic

pertaining to time; a disease that continues over a long time, showing little change in symptoms or course

diagnosis

determination of the cause and nature of a disease

diaphoresis

to carry through sweat glands; profuse sweating

disease

lack of ease; an abnormal condition of the body that presents a series of symptoms that sets it apart from normal or other abnormal body states

disinfectant

chemical substance that can be applied to objects to destroy pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria

efferent

carrying impulses away from a center

empathy

state of projecting one's own personality into the personality of another to understand the feelings, emotions, and behavior of the person

epidemic

pertaining to among people; the rapid, widespread occurrence of an infectious disease

etiology

study of the causes of disease

excision

process of cutting out, surgical removal

febrile

pertaining to fever

illness

state of being sick

incision

process of cutting into

malaise

feeling of discomfort, uneasiness; often felt by a patient who has a chronic disease

malignant

bad wandering; pertaining to the spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another area

necrosis

condition of tissue death

neopathy

new disease

oncology

study of tumors

pallor

paleness, a lack of color

paracentesis

surgical repair of a body cavity for fluid removal

prognosis

literally means prediction of the course of a disease and the recovery rate; condition of foreknowledge

prophylactic

pertaining to preventing or protecting against disease

pyrogenic

pertaining to the production of heat; a fever

radiology

study of radioactive substances

rapport

raltionship of understanding between two individuaks, especially between the patient and the physician

triage

sorting and classifying of injuries to determine priority of need and treatment

Allergy/Immunology

diseases of an allergic nature

Anesthesiology

Appropriate anesthesia for partial or complete loss of sensation

Bariatrics

prevention, control, and treatment of obesity

Cardiology

diseases of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries

Dermatology

diseases of the skin

Endocrinology

diseases of the endocrine system

Family Practice

care of members of the family regardless of age and/or sex

Gastroenterology

diseases of the stomach and intestines

Geriatrics

Study aspects of aging

Gynecology

diseases of the female reproductive system

Hematology

diseases of the blood and bloodforming tissues

Infectious Disease

diseases caused by the growth of pathogenic and microorganisms within the body

Internal Medicine

diseases of internal origin not usually treated surgically

Nephrology

diseases of the kidney and urinary system

Neurology

diseases of the nervous system

Obstetrics

treatment of the female during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum

Oncology

study of tumors

algesia

condition of pain

ant

forming

ase

enzyme

blast

immature cell, germ cell, embryonic cell

dipsia

thirst

drome

a course

genesis

formation, produce

logy

study of

phil

attraction

stasis

control, stop, stand still

therapy

treatment

ate

use, action, having the form of, possessing

genic

formation, produce

lysis

destruction, separation, breakdown, loosening, dissolution

plegia

stroke, paralysis, palsy

ptosis

prolapse, drooping, falling down, sagging

algia

pain, ache

derma

skin

dynia

paine, ache

edema

swelling

kinesis

motion

lepsy

seizure

mania

madness

oma

resemble

pathy

disease, emotion

penia

deficiency

phasia

to speak, speech

phobia

fear

plasia

formation, produce

plegia

paralysis, stroke

pnea

breathing

ectomy

surgical excision, surgical removal, resection

opsy

to view

pexy

surgical fixation

pheresis

remove

plasty

surgical repair

stomy

new opening

asystole

without contraction of the heart; a life-threatening cardiac condition characterized by the absence of electrical and mechanical activity in the heart

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