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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. motivating stimulus (or motivator)
  2. taste aversion
  3. conditioned stimulus (conditional stimulus, CS)
  4. glutamate
  5. conditioned response (conditional response, CR)
  1. a an excitatory, amino acid neurotransmitter
  2. b an environment-behavior relation in which a taste or smell that has been followed by nausea is subsequently avoided by the organism
  3. c stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.
  4. d the response evoked by the CS in the classical procedure.
  5. e stimulus which comes to evoke behavior by being paired with the eliciting stimulus in the classical procedure

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
  2. object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (1) (note: same as US)
  3. procedure for studying or producing learning by presenting an eliciting stimulus after a response
  4. the neuron transmitting (producing/sending) the stimulation
  5. artificial, highly simplified, experimental arrangements used to clearly show the effects of the variables being studied

5 True/False questions

  1. respondentsresponses that 1. are less reliably evoked by antecedent stimuli than respondents, 2. the antecedent stimulus is not well specified, and 3. which generally produce eliciting consequences


  2. ventral tegmental area (VTA)a region of the brain whose stimulation functions as a particular effective reinforcer.


  3. computer simulationuse of computers to model relations among real-world events, including those between the environment and the behavior of an organism


  4. output unitsan element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate environmental events


  5. eliciting functionextent to which a response reliably follows presentation of a stimulus


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