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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. unconditioned response (unconditional response, UR)
  2. reflex
  3. motivating function
  4. synaptic efficacy
  5. dopamine
  1. a reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
  2. b a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  3. c general effect of deprivation on organism's reaction to a range of stimuli
  4. d the response elicited by the US in the classical procedure
  5. e the effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an object or event that includes separable stimulus components, such as a light and a tone
  2. stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.
  3. use of computers to model relations among real-world events, including those between the environment and the behavior of an organism
  4. the neuron receiving the stimulation
  5. reduction of contact with a stimulus to levels below ad libitum (normal free access) levels (2)

5 True/False questions

  1. conditioned stimulus (conditional stimulus, CS)stimulus which comes to evoke behavior by being paired with the eliciting stimulus in the classical procedure


  2. operantsresponses that 1. are less reliably evoked by antecedent stimuli than respondents, 2. the antecedent stimulus is not well specified, and 3. which generally produce eliciting consequences


  3. sensitizationincrease in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation


  4. conditioned reinforceran eliciting stimulus that functions to select environment-behavior relations


  5. model preparationsartificial, highly simplified, experimental arrangements used to clearly show the effects of the variables being studied


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