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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. postsynaptic neuron
  2. unified principle of reinforcement
  3. ventral tegmental area (VTA)
  4. conditioned reinforcer
  5. presynaptic neuron
  1. a a region of the brain whose stimulation functions as a particular effective reinforcer.
    (2)
  2. b 1; rule of learning incorporating selection processes in classical & operant procedures; 2; states that when a behavioral discrepancy occurs, an environment-behavior relation is selected consisting of stimuli present immediately before the discrepancy and responses occurring just before the elicited response
    (5)
  3. c stimulus that functions as reinforcer in operant procedures by having been paired with other reinforcers.
    (2)
  4. d the neuron transmitting (producing/sending) the stimulation
    (1)
  5. e the neuron receiving the stimulation
    (1)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  2. increase in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation
    (2)
  3. object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (2) (note: same as eliciting stimulus)
  4. the response evoked by the CS in the classical procedure.
    (1)
  5. extent to which a response reliably follows presentation of a stimulus
    (1)

5 True/False Questions

  1. contingencya behavioral process in which an earlier stimulus paired with an elicitor prevents learning with a later stimulus paired with the same elicitor
    (2)

          

  2. conditioned stimulus (conditional stimulus, CS)object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (2) (note: same as eliciting stimulus)

          

  3. deprivationweakening of unlearned environment-behavior relations when an stimulus is repeatedly presented without consequence
    (2)

          

  4. taste aversionweakening of unlearned environment-behavior relations when an stimulus is repeatedly presented without consequence
    (2)

          

  5. eliciting stimulus (or "elicitor")object or event that reliably produces behavior as result of natural (phylogenic) selection
    (1) (note: same as US)

          

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