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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. principle of behavioral selection
  2. sensitization
  3. reinforcer
  4. dopamine
  5. conditioned stimulus (conditional stimulus, CS)
  1. a increase in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation
  2. b stimulus which comes to evoke behavior by being paired with the eliciting stimulus in the classical procedure
  3. c an eliciting stimulus that functions to select environment-behavior relations
  4. d a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  5. e behavioral complexity is best understood as outcome of selection mechanisms operating in the individual's environment

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. use of computers to model relations among real-world events, including those between the environment and the behavior of an organism
  2. an element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate environmental events
  3. a relation in which the occurrence of one event depends on the occurrence of another event
  4. reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
  5. 1; rule of learning incorporating selection processes in classical & operant procedures; 2; states that when a behavioral discrepancy occurs, an environment-behavior relation is selected consisting of stimuli present immediately before the discrepancy and responses occurring just before the elicited response

5 True/False questions

  1. postsynaptic neuronthe neuron receiving the stimulation


  2. habituationreduction of contact with a stimulus to levels below ad libitum (normal free access) levels (2)


  3. unconditioned response (unconditional response, UR)the response elicited by the US in the classical procedure


  4. eliciting stimulus (or "elicitor")stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.


  5. synaptic efficacya relation in which the occurrence of one event depends on the occurrence of another event


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