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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. instrumental (operant) conditioning
  2. postsynaptic neuron
  3. behavioral discrepancy
  4. reflex
  5. dopamine
  1. a a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  2. b reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
    (1)
  3. c the difference between ongoing behavior before and immediately following presentation of an eliciting stimulus
    (1)
  4. d the neuron receiving the stimulation
    (1)
  5. e procedure for studying or producing learning by presenting an eliciting stimulus after a response
    (2)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. general effect of deprivation on organism's reaction to a range of stimuli
    (1)
  2. extent to which a response reliably follows presentation of a stimulus
    (1)
  3. a region of the brain whose stimulation functions as a particular effective reinforcer.
    (2)
  4. behavioral complexity is best understood as outcome of selection mechanisms operating in the individual's environment
    (2)
  5. use of computers to model relations among real-world events, including those between the environment and the behavior of an organism
    (2)

5 True/False questions

  1. respondentsresponses that are reliably evoked by a stimulus
    (1)

          

  2. unconditioned response (unconditional response, UR)the response elicited by the US in the classical procedure
    (1)

          

  3. operantsa neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)

          

  4. eliciting stimulus (or "elicitor")stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.
    (1)

          

  5. blockinga behavioral process in which an earlier stimulus paired with an elicitor prevents learning with a later stimulus paired with the same elicitor
    (2)

          

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