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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. ventral tegmental area (VTA)
  2. reflex
  3. eliciting function
  4. compound stimulus
  5. principle of behavioral selection
  1. a a region of the brain whose stimulation functions as a particular effective reinforcer.
    (2)
  2. b extent to which a response reliably follows presentation of a stimulus
    (1)
  3. c reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
    (1)
  4. d an object or event that includes separable stimulus components, such as a light and a tone
    (2)
  5. e behavioral complexity is best understood as outcome of selection mechanisms operating in the individual's environment
    (2)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the neuron receiving the stimulation
    (1)
  2. the occurrence of two events with a very short time interval between them
    (2)
  3. a behavioral process in which an earlier stimulus paired with an elicitor prevents learning with a later stimulus paired with the same elicitor
    (2)
  4. limitations, resulting from natural selection, on the outcome of behavioral selection by reinforcement
    (2)
  5. a pair of fine wires, insulated from one another except at their tips, that is inserted into a brain region to stimulate neurons or monitor their activity
    (2)

5 True/False Questions

  1. output unitsan element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate environmental events
    (2)

          

  2. superstitious behaviorincrease in response probability to a range of other stimuli resulting from (usually intense) stimulus presentation
    (2)

          

  3. glutamatea neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)

          

  4. reinforcerreliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
    (1)

          

  5. conditioned reinforceran eliciting stimulus that functions to select environment-behavior relations
    (1)

          

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