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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. input units
  2. electrode
  3. glutamate
  4. dopamine
  5. motivating stimulus (or motivator)
  1. a a neuromodulator released by neurons in the VTA; its presence in a synapse produces long term increases in synaptic efficacy (2)
  2. b an excitatory, amino acid neurotransmitter
  3. c a pair of fine wires, insulated from one another except at their tips, that is inserted into a brain region to stimulate neurons or monitor their activity
  4. d an element of an adaptive neural network, simulating the activity of a neuron or group of neurons that mediate environmental events
  5. e stimulus that functions to establish other stimuli as reinforcers or punishers.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. responses that 1. are less reliably evoked by antecedent stimuli than respondents, 2. the antecedent stimulus is not well specified, and 3. which generally produce eliciting consequences
  2. reliable environment-behavior relation, largely the result of natural selection
  3. the effectiveness with which a signal from a presynaptic neuron activates a postsynaptic neuron
  4. stimulus that functions as reinforcer in operant procedures by having been paired with other reinforcers.
  5. the neuron receiving the stimulation

5 True/False questions

  1. biological constraints on learningprocedure for studying or producing learning by presenting an eliciting stimulus after a response


  2. model preparationsartificial, highly simplified, experimental arrangements used to clearly show the effects of the variables being studied


  3. computer simulationan object or event that includes separable stimulus components, such as a light and a tone


  4. unconditioned stimulus (unconditional stimulus, US)stimulus which comes to evoke behavior by being paired with the eliciting stimulus in the classical procedure


  5. instrumental (operant) conditioningprocedure for studying or producing learning by presenting an eliciting stimulus after a response


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