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The radius articulates with the

Ulna,carpals, and humerus

The genetically programmed death of cells is called

Apoptosis

You would expect a peptide bond to link with

Two amino acids

The most abundant cell type in bone is

osteocytes

Which of the following is NOT a component of the Appendicular skeleton?

None of the above, all are appendicular bones
(femur, scapula,humerus, and metatarsals are in the skeleton)

Which of the following substances would be most acidic?

Stomach secretions, pH=1

Chemical reactions that asorb energy are called

Endrogonic

What functions to propagate electrical signal from one place to another?

Neorons

The most common type of cartilage is?

Hyaline Cartalige

The zygomatic arch is formed by the union of processes from which two bones?

Temporal and Zygomatic

the common term for the buccal region?

Cheek

The suture that forms the articulation of the two parietal bones ?

Sagittal suture

Stem cells that can differentiate into osetoblasts are called

Osetoprogenator

This prevents damaging bone to bone contact within movable joints

Articular cartilage

The expanded articular end of an epiphsis that is separeted from the shaft by a narrower neck is termed

An Head

The shaft of a long bone is

The diaphysis

Which of the following is NOT an upper limb bone?

Metetarsals(feet)

Epithelial cells exhibit modifications that adapt them for

secretions

The tissue that always has a "top" and a "bottom" is

Epithelial tissue (base layer and bottom layer)

The suture that forms the articulation of the parietal bones with the frontal bones is the

coronal suture

A homogenenous mixture containing a solvent and a solute is

a Solution

A hole through a bone is termed

Foramen

The triplet codes needed to specify a specific polypeptide chain are found in the

Gene

The three familiar states of matter are solids, liquids and

Gases

The wrist is ________ to the Elbow

Distal

The epithelial that line body cavities and blood vessels are classified as

Simple Squamous

Lungs are to the respiratory system as the liver is the

Digestive System

The scapula articulates with the humerus at the

Glenohumeral

__________ are soluble inorganic compounds whose solutions will conduct an electrical current.

Electrolytes

Sinus inflammation is termed ________

Synsitis

Chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to

Bone

Simple columnar Epithelia are found

Lining the stomach

The second cervical vertebra is usually call the

Axis

The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the

Pelvis

Each of the following is associated with the temporal bone, EXCEPT the

sella turcica

During mitosis, chromatids seperate into daughter chromosomes during

Anaphase

When homeostatic mechanisms fail, and individual will experience the symptoms of ______________

Illness or disease

Ossification of the sternum is not complete until at least age of

25

The Pyrimidine bases found in DNA are

Cystonin and Thymine

If a pair of electrons is unequally shared between two atoms, a __________ occurs.

Polar covalent bond

Which of the following bones is classified as "irregular" in shape?

Vertebra

Ribs that have no connection to the sternum are called

false ribs

Which of the following statements about water is NOT correct?

Has a relatively low heat capacity

A small rough bump on bone where a tendon attaches is called ____________

Tuburocistiy

The analysis of the internal structure of individual cells is called

Cytology

Each of the following bones is a component of the orbital complex, EXCEPT the ___________

Nasal Bone

The pituitary gland and thyroid gland are organs of the ________________ system

Endorcrine

A fracture at the ankle involving both lower leg bones is ofter called a _____________

Pott fracture

Which of the following labels best matches osteocytes?

Mature bone cell

____________ free calcium from bone to maintain blood calcium levels.

Osteoclast

Blood is distributed from the surface of a bone to deeper central canals through channels known as ______________

Perforation Canals

A skull bone that could be described as looking like a bat with wings extended is the

Sphenoid

The smallest stable units of matter are

Atoms

You would find pseudostratified columnar epithelium lining the

Trachea

Simple cuboidal epithelium is found

Forming the kidney tubules (duct)

The lining of the heart and blood vessels is called

Endothelium

The body's first tissue response to any injury is

Inflammation

During the process of ___________ an exisiting tissue is replaced by bone.

Ossification

Which of the following is arranged in correct order from most complex to the simplest?

Organisms,system,organ,tissue,cellular, molecular

The _____________ of a solution is the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration expressed in moles per liter.

Ph

When activated, lysosomes function in

Digestion of foreign material

A solution containing equal numbers of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions is

Neutral

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the male pelvis?

The angle of the pubic arch is greater than 100 degrees

Which of the following membranes line cavities that communicate with the exterior of the body?

Mucous

Bone is composed of _________ percent cells.

2%

Which of the following is NOT a part of the pelvis?

Lumbar Vertbrae

All are true of neurons, EXCEPT that

They are specialized form of connective tissue.

The longest and heaviest bone in the body is the

Femur

_________fractures are completely internal; they do not break through the skin.

Closed

Which of the following is the heel bone?

Calcaneus

Anatomy has a specialized language,called______________, that involves the use of word roots, prefixes,suffixs, and combining forms to construct terms related to the body in health and disease.

Medical Terminology

Compounds that can be synthesized or broken down by chemical reactions in the body are called

Metabolites

Which of the following bones is NOT part of the Appendicular skeleton?

Sacrum

Endochondral ossificiation begins with the formation of a

Cartilage model

The watery fluid component of the blood is called ____________

Plasma

When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the

Ischial tuberosities

The combination of fibers and ground substance in supporting connective tissues is known as

Matrix

Which of the following is NOT considered an abdominopelvic region

Upper

Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?

Clavicles and scapulae

Glands that secrete hormones in the interstitial fluid are

Endocrine glands

Ribs 8 to 13 are called __________because they do not attach directly to the sternum.

False ribs

An imaging technique that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce views inside the body is the

MRI scan

The "atomic number" of an atom is determined by the number of _________ it has

Protons

The four curves of the adult spinal column are not all present at birth. Which of the following are the secondary curves, those that do not appear until several months later?

Cervical and lumbar

You witness one of your friends in a fight. your friend Gregg is hit in the jaw and when looking at him you see his face is misaligned. What has he broken?

Mandible

Humans normally have_______ pairs of ribs

12

The heart is _________to the lungs.

Medial

the watery component of the cytoplasm is called

Cytosol

If a response INCREASES a disturbance, the system is classified as a _________ feedback system.

Positive

The vertebral column contains _________lumbar vertebrae.

5

Bone plays a central role in the regulation of blood levels of

Calcium

The sacrum protect these organs:

Digestive, urinary, and reproductive

The study of the general form and superficial markings of an organism is called ____________anatomy.

Surface

Which of the following is a NOT characteristic of the female pelvis?

Coccyx points anteriorly

Osseous tissue is also called

Bone

The molecule DNA contains a five-carbon sugar called

Deoxyribose

Which of the following regions corresponds to the buttocks?

Gluteal

The mass number represents the number of

Protons + Neutrons

The control center for cellular operations is the

Nucleus

The purines found in DNA are

Adenine and Guanine

Tina falls and fracture her pisiform bone. What part of the body was injured:

Wrist

Chemical reactions that yield energy, such as heat, are said to be

Exergonic

The surface feature present along the lateral border of the shaft of humerus is the

Deltoid tuberosity

The clavicle articulates with the scapula at the

Acromion

An anatomical term that means the SAME as ventral:

Anterior

Carbohydrate molecules

Are the body's most readily available source of energy

Identify a structure located within the mediastinum

Pericardial Sac

Which of these is a forearm bone?

Radius

Which organ system removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream?

Respiratory

The known as the diaphragm separates the _________ from the _________.

Thoracic cavity; adominopelvic cavity

The heart and blood vessels are lined by

simple squamous epithelium

Tissue that is specialized for contraction is ___________ tissue.

Muscle

The humerous is an example a _________ bone.

Long

Isotopes of an element differ in the number of

Neutrons in the nucleus

Chemical reactions that release energy are called

Exergonic

Ionic bonds are formed when

Electrons are completely transferred from one atom to another.

The center of an atom is called the

Nucleus

A polysaccharide that is formed in liver and muscle cells to store glucose is

Glycogen

Extracellular fluid serves as

A reserve area

The serous membrane covering the stomach and most of the intestines is called the

Peritoneum

Epithelial cells that are adapted for absorption or secretion usually have ____________ at their free surface.

Microvilli

Small, oddly shaped bones that fill gaps between bones of the skull are called _________ bones.

Sutural

Molecules that do not readily dissolve in water are called

Hydrophobic

the lower jaw articulates with the temporal bone at the

Mandibular fossa

What organ is located in the lacrimal fossa

The lacrimal ramus

The ribs articulate with the

Thoracic vertebrae

Kinetic energy is stored as ___________ energy when a spring is stretched.

Potential

The study of the function of specific organ systems is called

systemic physiology

Atoms of the same element whose nuclei contain the same number of protons, but different numbers of neutrons, are called

Isotopes

The central canal of an osteon contains

Blood vessels

Which of the following is NOT part of the axial division of the skeletal system:

Pectoral girdle

The epithelium that lines the body cavities is known as

Mesothelium

Cells that store fat are called

Adipocytes

The basic shapes of epitherlial cells include all of the following, EXCEPT

Oval

Cholesterol,phospholipids, and glycolipids are examples of

Structural lipids

The _____________ allow for a wide range of head movements.

Cervical vertebra

The odontoid process is found on the

Axis

The hypophyseal fossa of the sella turcica contains the __________ gland.

Pituitary

The most abundant high-energy compound is cells is

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

The lining of the medullary cavity is called the

Endosteum

When stress is applied to a bone,

The minerals in the bone produce a weak electrical field that attracts osteoblasts.

Anatomical features that changes during illness are studied in ___________anatomy

Pathological

During ionization, water molecules disrupt the ionic bonds of a salt to produce a mixture of ions. These ions can carry a current and so are called

Electrolytes

Ions with a + charge are called

Cations

Most of the fat found in the human body is in the form of

Triglycerides

A person lying face down is in the________position

Prone

___________fibers are stronger than steel when stretched.

Collagen

_________is the fluid componet of connective tissue.

Plasma

The chin is ________ to the nose.

Inferior

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