Toxic principles in plants: unclassified toxins + mechanical injury

13 terms by jenvet12

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Alsike clover and red clover MOA

hepatotoxicity and secondary photosensitization in horses only, hepatic encephalopathy

Avocado MOA in goats, horses, rabbits, and caged birds

cardiotoxicity

Avocado MOA in horses, goats and rabbits

noninfectious mastitis and agalactia

Black walnut MOA

laminitis

Moldy alfalfa, red clover, moldy wheat MOA

primary and secondary photosensitization

Grape and raisin MOA

acute renal failure only in dogs

Lily family MOA

nephrotoxicity only in cats; GI in cats and dogs

Red maple MOA

dried leaves: hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinemia, heinz body formation in horses

Senna (coffee, sicklepod) MOA

skeletal muscle myopathy, cardiomyopathy, cathartic

Yellow starthistle/russian knapweed MOA

equine nigropallidal encephalomalacia or chewing dz

Yellow starthistle/russian knapweed c/s

sudden onset of inability to eat or drink, drowsiness interrupted by excitation, head down, and dehydration

Macademia nuts c/s

weakness, esp in hind limbs, depression, ataxia, tremors, hyperthermia, lameness, recumbency, vomiting, colic, diarrhea, pale mm; full recovery in 2 days

Plants causing mechanical injury

cactus family, agave family, jimsonweed seed pods, cocklebur seed pods

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