The institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society.
Goods that the government spend billions of dollars on, examples : highways and public parks
Who gets what, when and how. (The process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders pursue. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues)
The ways in which people get involved in politics ( All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue.
Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics.
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time. Peoples interests, problems, and concerns create political issues for government policymakers.
The political channels through which peoples concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. US examples: elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and pther people actually involved in politics at any given point in time.
An issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it.
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues. The U.S. Constitution established three policymaking institutions - congress, the presidency, and the courts.
A choice that government makes in responce to a political issue.
The effects a policy has on people and problems. Impacts are analyzed to see how well a policy has met its goal and at what cost.
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the publics preferences.
A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy choosing among alternatives requires that the majoritys desire be respected.
A principle of traditonal democratic theory that gurantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities through persuasion and reasoned argument.
A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers.
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressin for its own preferred policies.
elite and class theory
A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper class elite will rule, regardless of the formal nicities of governmental organization.
A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakends.
A condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy. The result is that nothing may get done.
An overall set of values widely shared within a society.
gross domestic product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation