The institutions that make authoritative decisions for any given society.
Goods, provided or secured by the state, available to society and which no private person or organization can own.
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue.
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders pursue; produces authoritative decisions about public issues.
Groups so concerned with one issue that members cast their votes on the basis of that issue only.
Reveals the way our government responds to the proirites of its people.
Transmit Americans' preferneces to the policymakers in the government.
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actively involved in politics at any given time.
The result of people disagreeing about a problem or about the public policy needed to fix it.
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues. These three branches are Congress, Presidency, and federal courts.
Every decision that the government makes- every law it passes, bugdget it esablishes, and ruling it hands down.
The effects that a policy has on people and on society's problems.
A means of selecting policy makers and of organizing government so that policy reflects citizens' preferences.
The political idea that over half of an orgnized group should have the power to make decisions for the whole group.
Basic principles such as freedom of speech and assembly which that majority can't infringe on.
The relationship between the few leaders and the many citizens.
Groups with shared instersts influence public policy by pressing their concerns through organized efforts.
Elite and Class Theory
A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization.
A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened.
A condition when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy.
An overall set of values widely shared within a society.
Gross Domestic Product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a nation.