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SOCIAL STUDIES VOCABULARY DR.BAKER

Geography

The study of Earth in all its variety

Cardinal Directions

Basic directions on the Earth: north, south, east, west

Intermediate Directions

Directions between the cardinal directions: northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest

Axis

Imaginary line that runs through the Earth's center between the north and south poles

Map

A flat drawing of all or part of the Earth's surface

Globe

A round scale model of the Earth

Hemisphere

One-half of the globe; the Equator divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres; the Prime Meridian divides it into Eastern and Western hemispheres

Latitude

Location north or south of the equator; measured by imaginary lines (parallels) that are numbered in degrees north or south

Longitude

Location east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured by imaginary lines (meridians) numbered in degrees east or west

Scale

A measuring line, often called a scale bar, helps you figure distance on the map, usually in miles or kilometers

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