the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
all the things a government decides to do.
the power to make law.
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
the power to interpret laws.
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
a form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
a form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people.
A sovereign state
has supreme and absolute authority within its own territory.
The Force Theory
holds that one person or a small group claimed control over an area and forced all within to submit to that person's or group's rule.
The Evolutionary Theory
suggests that the state developed naturally out of the early family.
The Divine Right Theory
says that God created the state and that God had given those of royal birth a "divine right" to rule.
The Social Contract Theory
suggests people voluntarily give up some of their rights (enter into the contract) in order to gain security.
the will of the people is translated into public policy directly.
a small group of people, chosen by the people to act as their representatives, expresses the popular will.
Another name for a representative democracy
a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.
a government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
a form of government in which all powers belong to a single, centralized agency.
a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
an alliance of independent states.
A body of people living in a defined territory organized politically,
and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
A body of people
Land with known, recognized borders.
Power or authority.
The executive and legislative branches:
are separate, independent & coequal
The executive branch is made up of the Prime Minister and his cabinet & they are members of the legislative branch.