Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life

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Chapter 4

organic chemistry

study of carbon compounds

hydrocarbons

organic molecules consisting only of carbons and hydrogens

structural isomers

differ in the covalent arrangement of their atoms

geometric isomers

differ in arrangement about a double bond; where the X represents an atom or group of atoms attached to a double-bonded carbon

enantiomers

differ in spatial arrangement around an asymmetric carbon, resulting in molecules that are mirror images

functional groups

the components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reations

Adenosine Triphosphate

ATP; primary energy-transferring molecule in the cell

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