Latitude

the distance north or south of the equator

Longitude

the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian

hemisphere

half of the Earth

cardinal directions

East, West, North and South

geography

study of the Earth

parallel

a line of latitude (another name for it)

meridian

a line of longitude (another name for it)

scale

relative size

distortion

loss of accuracy

projection

a way to map Earth on a flat surface

compass rose

a diagram of a compass showing direction

key

the section of a map that explains the symbols and colors on the map

Name the 5 themes of geography

location, regions, place, movement, and human-evironment interaction

human environment

explains how people affect their environment

movement

explains how people, goods, and ideas move from one place to another

place

includes the human and physical features of a specific location

regions

is used to group places that have something in common

location

explains how geographers begin to study a place

Name 2 basic questions geographers try to answer.

Where are things located? Why are they there?

Northern

Do we live in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere?

Western

Do we live in the Eastern or Western Hemisphere?

North America

Do we live in South America or North America?

latitude lines

Lines that run north and south but measure distances east and west are called

longitude lines

Lines that run north and south but measure distances east and west are called longitude lines

degrees

Latitude and longitude lines measure in units called

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