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Calvinism

believed in predestination, that God was all knowing and it became the dominant theological credo of the Puritans (God looked over shoulder)

Puritans

Protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England

Pilgrams

Seperatists who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600s for religious purposes

Plymouth Colony

colony formed by the Pilgrims when they arrived at Plymouth Rock in 1620 (second North American settlement)

Mayflower Compact

1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.

William Bradford

A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.

Navigation Laws

laws that restricted American trade with other countries

Sir Edmund Andros

Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1686 until 1692, when the colonists rebelled and forced him to return to England (appointed by king)

Glorious Revolution

the revolution against James II

Henry Hudson

English navigator who discovered the Hudson River

Peter Stuyvesant

the last Dutch colonial administrator of New Netherland

Quakers

religious group who settled Pennsylvania - very tolerant and nonviolent

William Penn

A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.

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