Chapter 2 Ancient Egypt

Cataract

Spot of rapid waters in a river

Delta

Area of fertile soil at a rivers end.

Papyrus

A reed plant, used in papermaking

Hieroglyphics

Ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols

Dynasty

A line of rulers from one family

Pharaoh

Egyptian king

Deity

God or goddess

Embalming

Mummy-making process.

Mummy

Body preserved by wrapping

Pyramid

Mountain like stone structure

Tribute

Forced payments

Incense

A material burned for its pleasant smell

Savanna

Grassy plains in Africa

Isis

She ruled the dead with her husband Osiris.

Sahara

Largest desert in the world.

Hapi

Baboon headed god, he ruled the Nile river.

King Khufu

Had the Great Pyramid built for him.

Middle Kingdom

Golden age of prosperity, achievement and stability in Egypt.

Kemet

The Egyptians called their land "the black land"

Hatshepsut

First female pharaoh who concentrated on building the Egyptian economy. She was more interested in trade than conquest.

Nile River

Worlds longest river; over 4000 miles.

Shadoof

A bucket with a long pole, used to lift water from the Nile River.

Ramses II

Reigned 66 years, rebuilt the empire built many new temples during the New Kingdom period.

Amenhotep IV

He later changed his name to Akhenaton, abandoned the old system of worship and begin worshiping only one god, Aton.

Thutmose III

He was Hatshepsut nephew, He expanded Egypt north to the Euphrates and south to Nubia. Under his rule Egypt controlled more territory than ever.

Tutankhamen

He was the son-in-law of Akhenaton and inherited the throne at the age of 10.

Meroe

By 540 B.C. Kush's rulers moved their capital here and set up royal court there in order to be away from the Assyrians.

King Kashta

He was a Kushite king won started to take control of Egypt and later his son finished the job.

Ahmose

He led an uprising and his reign began the time known as the New Kingdom.

Narmer

Also know as Menes, he is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt.

Kingdom of Kerma

Gradually took over we weaker villages and created his kingdom, which became the most powerful Nubian village.

Piye

Found a dynasty that ruled both Egypt and Kush from Napata. He was the son of King Kashta.

Napata

The Kush built white sandstone temples, monuments and Piye ruled from here.

Great Pyramid

Is guarded by a stone lion king called sphinx. It is 480' tall, it took more than 2 million limestone blocks to make it. It was built 4,500 years ago by King Khufu.

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