Interventions in which clients are directed to engage in a mildly noxious activity each time they engage in the targeted symptomatic behavior.
Instructing a symptomatic person to pretend to exhibit his or her symptom, which reclassifies that symptom as voluntary and not really "real".
Therapist accepts and exaggerates the client's stance on an issue.
Encourage the client to "go slow" or not to change too much.
prescribing the symptom
Instructing the client to have more of a symptom. (Paradoxical injunction)
You put a positive connotation on behavior that is usually considered to be undesirable.
Explains that behavior occurs in cycles and in a context, rather than as a result of cause and effect.
A communication that leaves the receiver in a no-win situation.
The tendency within a system to seek and maintain balance by maintaining the current situation and resisting change.
Use of language to give new meaning to a situation.
first order change
Change in which the fundamental rules of the system remain the same.
A process to correct system deviations by reestablishing the previous state of equilibrium.
Human interaction is typically complex and cyclical, in which people often attribute different meanings to events because they arbitrarily bracket or focus on different parts of the cycle.
The morphogenic, change-activating process within systems.
second order change
Strategies involving alteration of the fundamental rules or context in which a problem is embedded.
The content of the message.
A contextual, cyclic view of behavior, as opposed to linear, cause and effect explanations of behavior.
non-verbal, contextual part of a message -- can also be metaphorical or symbolic message.
Therapeutic tasks aimed at breaking inappropriate sequences of behavior.
paradoxical intervention (therapeutic paradox)
Involves a seemingly illogical intervention to bring about change
Developed in Bateson's schizophrenic project, this became the roots of strategic therapy
Erickson's work with hypnosis; commonly used in strategic therapies.
Basis for Milan systemic model.
Strategic approach to changing rules; changes interpretations of behavior.
Haley believes most family problems to be the result of ...
Caused by positive feedback loops.
Caused by incongruous hierarchies.
Caused by people trying to protect or control each other covertly.
hidden power alliances
Milan group believes problems to be caused by...
(strategic) paradoxical injunctions
Paradoxes in family communications; demanding a behavior that should be spontaneous.
reframe technique of positive connotation
Difference between Milan group and Haley in perception of client knowledge of issues which allows families to see things differently.
Paradoxical interventions are used by strategic therapists.
During this stage, Haley looks for clues about triangles and hierarchies.
During this stage, Haley looks for clues about coalitions.
Example of Haley's artful common sense.
5 stages: presession, session, intersession, intervention, post session discussion